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Remote Work Statistics: Insights and Trends for 2024

Remote Work Statistics: Insights and Trends for 2024

The employment landscape has undergone a significant transformation in recent years with the rise of remote work. Here we survey the key remote work statistics you need to know for 2024.

Key Stats Highlighted

  • Remote work is on the rise — workers now spend an average 1.4 days per week working from home.  
  • 98 percent of workers have a strong preference to work remotely, at least some of the time. As a result 41 percent of workers that can work remotely are now working hybrid — an increase from 35 percent in 2022. 
  • Remote workers save time: According to 2023 research, an average of 27 minutes per day. 
  • The Return to Work is Real. Office occupancy in the U.S. went above 50% in September 2023

With remote work being so prevalent, we need solid evidence about how it affects people and businesses. This is where remote work statistics come in. 

Whether working fully remote or hybrid, here are 93 key remote work statistics for 2024. 

Current Trends in Remote Work

1. Growth in Number of Remote Workers

In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, remote work has become popular with both employers and employees.

Let’s consider overall numbers:

  • In 2019, 7% of paid workdays, on average, were worked remotely. This jumped to 28% in a September 2023 survey (Barrero et al., 2023).¹
  • As of 2024, the number of workers working remotely has stabilized. As of a September 2023 snapshot, 14% of fulltime employees are fully remote, 57% are fulltime in-office, and 29% work hybrid (Barrero et al., 2023, p23). 
  • 98 percent of employees have a preference to work remotely, at least some of the time (Buffer, 2023).² 

2. Employee Preferences

Employees have expressed a strong desire to work remotely, where it is possible:

  • In 2022, 87% of respondents in one survey noted they were considering a job change to hybrid or fully remote positions (Robert Half, 2022).³
  • In a survey from August 2023, nearly a third of workers preferred 5 days of work from home per week, compared to 19% who wanted them  “rarely or never” (Barrero et al., 2023).

Demographic Insights

Remote work has not been evenly distributed across society, with the remote workforce varying across demographic lines. This includes:

1. Gender and Remote Working

Gender dynamics in remote work tell an interesting story: 61 percent of men were offered remote-working opportunities compared to 52 percent of women. At the same time, women actually had a stronger preference to work remotely (46% compared to 39%). 

Could this be another area where the gender gap is hurting women in the workplace?

2. Ethnicity and Race

In a 2022 Australian study, 51% of workers from minority ethnic groups reported that workplace culture improved while working remotely. 66% maintained that remote work protects them from discrimination compared to in-office work (Employment Hero, 2023). 

3. Age Distribution of Remote Workers

You might assume that remote work skews towards a younger demographic, with Generation Z valuing the work-life balance afforded by remote and hybrid arrangements. But the statistics (Flexjobs, 2023) tell a different story:

Age% Working Remote

It is older Millenials and Generation X valuing remote work the most. This likely reflects the flexibility it affords those with families and children. 

4. Education Levels Amongst Remote Workers

Higher education levels correlate with increased opportunities for remote work. Individuals with a bachelor’s degree or higher are more likely to have jobs that provide the option to work remotely compared to those with lower levels of formal education. This underscores the impact of education on remote work accessibility. Note the table below drawing on research from McKinsey (2020), showing that remote work is more common among the highly educated. 

EducationFull Time RemotePart Time Remote
No High School Diploma32%21%
High School Diploma29%19%
Associate’s Degree31%19%
Bachelor’s Degree40%26%
Graduate Degree45%31%

Economic Impact of Remote Work

The shift toward remote work has tangible effects on the workforce’s income distribution, housing markets, and broader economic indicators across city and state lines.

1. Income Analysis for Remote Workers

Remote work correlates with higher earnings: Remote workers make an average of $19,000 more than those in the office: An average of $74,000 compared to $55,000 for remote workers.

This reflects the fact that remote workers are likely to be more educated/skilled than non-remote workers. It also reflects remote workers generally being at a more senior level than in-office workers. 

2. Remote Work’s Effect on Housing and Rent

The prevalence of remote work is influencing housing markets and rent dynamics. Cities traditionally known for their business centers are witnessing changes in demand as remote workers seek homes in less urban locales. This trend can lower rent in previously high-cost areas while increasing demand for spacious homes for home offices, impacting prices in the suburbs and beyond.

In one study from the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, it was estimated that 60 percent of the rise in house prices from 2019 to 2022 could be attributed to the uptake in remote work (Kmetz et al., 2022).

3. Impact on Local and State Economies

The diffusion of the workforce from concentrated business districts to a more dispersed model affects local and state economies. In one study by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, it was found that remote work led to a 10% decrease in foot traffic in local retail businesses and a correlating 2.8% decline in employment in those businesses (Dalton et al., 2023). This redistribution could have long-term implications for state tax revenues and require regional economic policy adjustments.

Remote Work and Employment Dynamics

In the evolving workforce landscape, remote work has become a focal point for employers and employees. It affects job structures, worker expectations, and various industry policies.

1. Employer Perspectives on Distributed Work

Employers are increasingly recognizing the benefits and challenges of the remote model. Companies report enhanced productivity and reduced overhead costs.

In 2022, 39% of middle-market executives stated that remote or hybrid work had had a positive impact on their business. This view was especially strong in larger firms, with 55% of executives claiming the impact was positive (RSM, 2023).¹⁰

Employers also appreciate the cost savings, with research suggesting a saving of $11,000 per employee when switching to remote work (Global Workforce Analytics, 2023).¹¹

2. Remote Work Policies Across Industries

The implementation of the remote paradigm varies significantly across sectors.

The software and  IT sectors led as the top industries for remote work in 2023 (WEF, 2023).¹² Other industries that followed close behind include marketing, accounting and finance. As might be expected remote work is less common in traditional blue-collar areas and in the trades. 

3. The Gig Economy and Remote Work

The gig economy has seen a marked increase in remote work opportunities. Freelancers and contract workers leverage remote work to service multiple clients across the globe, contributing to the blurring lines between traditional and gig-based employment. Leading remote freelancer marketplace, Upwork, reported an increase in people taking on freelance work from 36 to 39 percent in one year alone (Upwork, 2023).¹³ This dynamic shift underscores the changing nature of work in a digital, interconnected world. 

Remote Work Efficiency and Productivity

Remote work has impacted business productivity. Whether this has been positive or negative is a matter of debate. 

1. Productivity Metrics and Remote Work

Remote workers often report higher productivity levels, attributed to fewer workplace distractions and flexible scheduling. Thirty-five percent of remote employees reported feeling more productive when working remotely.

However, employers disagree. In 2022, 54% of leaders claimed that their company was less productive after going remote or hybrid (Microsoft, 2022).¹⁴

As one objective measure of productivity, 77% of remote workers clocked in more hours in 2022 than they did three years earlier (Robert Half, 2023). Though we should note, working longer doesn’t always mean more productivity. 

2. Remote Work and Project Management Efficiency

34% of managers claim that checking in on people is difficult when working remotely (Hubstaff, 2021).¹⁵ 

Effective project management is therefore crucial in a remote workplace to rack employee performance and team synergy. Project management software packages facilitate efficient workflow oversight and delegation, allowing managers to swiftly track progress and address bottlenecks.

  • Tracking Tools: Use dashboards that display project status, deadlines, and team member contributions.
  • Collaborative Platforms: Employ tools that allow for document sharing and simultaneous editing.

Focusing on results rather than time spent working encourages remote employees to optimize their productivity, aligning with the broader organizational goals. As more organizations embrace remote work, these practices are crucial for maintaining and enhancing overall productivity and project management efficacy.

Pros and Cons of Remote Work for Employees

The shift to remote work has sparked significant changes in how employees perceive work-life balance and health. These changes impact physical and mental well-being and personal life and have environmental ramifications due to altered commuting patterns.

1. Work-Life Balance and Remote Employment

Remote work introduces flexibility that can significantly enhance work-life balance

According to a 2022 study, the top benefit of remote work is flexibility in how you spend your time, valued first by 22% of respondents (Buffer, 2022). This was followed closely by flexibility in choosing where live (19%) and flexibility in choosing work location (13%).

The average time saved by working from home (And not commuting) is 27 minutes per working day (Aksoy et al., 2023).¹⁶

2. Physical and Mental Health Considerations

The transition to remote work can positively and negatively affect physical and mental health. Accessibility to a home office setting, as suggested by research from the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), can lead to healthier lifestyle choices, like more time for exercise or homemade meals. Conversely, it may also increase sedentary behaviors, intensify feelings of isolation, and create challenges in maintaining mental health.

Of real concern is the 69% of employees reported that reported increased burnout from the use of remote work tools.¹⁷ 

Another challenge associated with remote work is the lack of face-to-face interaction. Furthermore, 53% of employees reported that it was harder to feel connected to coworkers in a remote setting (Pew Research, 2023).¹⁸ 

3. Effects on Personal Life and Relationships

Personal life and relationships can flourish when remote work provides more time spent with family and fewer work-related stressors. One study found that flexible work arrangements improve employee satisfaction and relationship quality71% indicated that remote work helps them balance their work and personal life (McKinsey, 2023).¹⁹ 

4. Commuting Patterns and Environmental Impact

Commuting patterns have drastically changed due to remote work, with many workers no longer facing daily commutes. This reduction in travel frees up time for personal activities and contributes to diminished traffic congestion and lower carbon emissions, as noted by U.S. Census data. These environmental benefits underscore remote work’s potential for creating a more sustainable and eco-friendly way of living.

According to a joint study by Cornell University and Microsoft, remote workers have a 54% lower carbon footprint compared to onsite workers (Tao et al., 2023).²⁰ 

Future of Work

The “Future of Work” focuses on evolving employment trends, where advanced technologies and changing attitudes shape the professional landscape. Companies and employees increasingly favor flexibility, a development altering the establishment’s approach to work-life integration.

1. Remote Work Projections

By 2025, it’s anticipated that 32.6 million Americans will be working remotely, representing around 22% of the workforce (Upwork, 2020).This suggests a trend toward the growing normalization of remote jobs, with a steady increase in individuals operating outside traditional office environments.

2. Innovation and Future Technologies

Innovation is at the forefront of the remote work revolution, with emerging technologies like AI, machine learning, and virtual reality expected to streamline collaboration across distances. Companies may leverage such advancements to improve productivity and create immersive virtual workspaces.

3. Hybrid and Flexible Work Models

Hybrid work models, blending in-office and remote work, are becoming increasingly popular. Some reports suggest that by the end of 2022, hybrid work could increase to 55% among remote-capable workers. Flexibility remains critical, with employees seeking more control over their schedules and work locations (Gallup, 2022).²¹

Geographical Insights

Geographic location plays a significant role in remote work trends and practices, exhibiting stark differences from state to state and around the globe.

1. Remote Work by State and Region

In the United States, the incidence of remote work varies widely by state and region. The U.S. Census Bureau found that the District of Columbia had an exceptionally high percentage of its workforce operating remotely, with nearly half of its workers engaging in this work mode. Adjoining states like Maryland also saw many of their workforce transitioning to home offices (US Census Bureau, 2022).²² 

2. Relocation Trends Among Remote Workers

Remote work has also influenced relocation patterns among U.S. workers. With the ability to perform their duties virtually anywhere, many choose to move to areas that offer a lower cost of living or a higher quality of life. This migration reshapes real estate markets and local economies as workers are no longer tethered to office locations.

3. Global Remote Work Statistics

On a global scale, remote work practices vary, influenced by technological infrastructure, cultural norms, and corporate policies. Some countries have embraced remote work more openly, integrating it into their standard business practices and labor laws.

It’s clear however that the move to remote is a global trend. According to Owl Labs,  83% of the global workforce think that hybrid work is the ideal (Owl Labs and Global Workplace Analytics, 2021). ²³ 

Talent Acquisition and Management

Talent acquisition and management have taken on new dimensions with the rise of remote work. Employers and HR professionals are adapting by leveraging technology and innovative strategies to recruit and retain top talent without geographical constraints.

1. Recruiting Remote Employees

Recruiters have embraced a variety of digital tools to attract remote employees. 59% of talent acquisition teams reported using video interviews to screen candidates, with 65% feeling comfortable extending job offers without meeting candidates in person (Cielo Talent, 2023).²⁴ Remote work opportunities also broaden the talent pool, allowing companies to focus on the best candidates regardless of location.

2. Retention Strategies for Remote Workers

Retention strategies for remote workers involve fostering a sense of belonging and recognition despite the physical distance. 67 percent of employers are implementing virtual onboarding programs to integrate new hires into company culture (Cielo Talent, 2023). Offering flexible work arrangements and opportunities for professional development are also crucial for keeping remote employees satisfied and committed to their roles.

Remote Work Tools and Technology

The remote work landscape is evolution hugely depends on cutting-edge technology and software. Companies must prioritize security and privacy while ensuring smooth adoption and integration of these tools.

1. Essential Software for Telecommuting

Remote work thrives on software designed to facilitate communication, project management, and collaboration. Telecommuters often rely on platforms like Slack for instant messaging, Zoom for video conferencing, and Asana or Trello for task management. These tools are not just supplementary but the backbone of a virtual office, allowing teams to maintain productivity levels irrespective of their physical locations.

2. Security and Privacy Concerns

With the use of remote work tools comes substantial security and privacy risks. Companies are investing in VPNs to encrypt data transfers and utilizing advanced endpoint security solutions to secure devices. The attention to privacy is equally significant; strict policies and the use of software that complies with regulations like GDPR ensure both company and employee data remain confidential.

At the same time, some employees are concerned about employer monitoring of their behaviour.  In one survey, 60 percent of employers required home monitoring software for their employees (Digital, 2021).²⁵ 

Additional Perspectives

In exploring the multifaceted impact of remote work, it is essential to consider environmental effects, legal and regulatory implications, and the role that culture plays in shaping the adoption and practice of remote work.

1. Environmental Considerations

Remote work can lead to significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions as fewer people commute daily. For example, a study by Global Workplace Analytics estimates that if people who have a remote work-compatible job and a desire to work from home did so just half the time, the greenhouse gas reduction would be equivalent to taking the entire New York State workforce off the road.

2. Legal and Regulatory Framework

Remote work arrangements must navigate a complex web of laws and regulations. These can include zoning laws for home offices, tax implications for cross-border employment, and data protection obligations. Legislation, such as the Right to Disconnect laws in some European countries, aims to set boundaries for remote work to safeguard employees’ personal time. 

Interpreting Remote Work Statistics

The landscape of the American workforce is transforming with an increasing shift toward remote employment. Projections from Upwork indicate that by 2025, approximately 22% of the workforce, which amounts to 32.6 million Americans, will be working remotely. This growth is not sudden, but part of a continuing trend that gained momentum during the pandemic.

Remote work is not only altering where individuals work but also how they perceive their productivity and well-being. Studies show employees find remote work beneficial for personal wellbeing and work-life balance.  

The evolution of remote work is also evident in company structures, with 16% of U.S. companies adopting a fully remote model (Owl Labs and Global Workplace Analytics, 2021). The preference for remote or hybrid work models reflects a significant change from pre-pandemic work environments, suggesting that remote work will remain a norm for the foreseeable future. 


  1. José María Barrero & Nicholas Bloom & Steven J. Davis (2023). The Evolution of Work from Home. Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol 37(4), pages 23-49.
  2. Buffer (2023). State of Remote Work.
  3. Robert Half (2022). Job Optimism Survey.
  4. McKinsey & Co (2022). American Opportunity Survey.
  5. Employment Hero (2023). Remote Opportunities for Equal Opportunities.  
  6. FlexJobs (2023). FlexJobs Report: Gen X, Millennials, and Gen Z in the Workplace.
  7. McKinsey (2020). What’s next for remote work: An analysis of 2,000 tasks, 800 jobs, and nine countries.
  8. Augustus Kmetz & John Mondragon & Johannes F. Wieland (2022). Remote Work and Housing Demand. FRBSF Economic Letter, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, vol. 2022(26), pages 1-5, September. 
  9. Michael Dalton & Matthew Dey & Mark Loewenstein (2022). The Impact of Remote Work on Local Employment, Business Relocation, and Local Home Costs. Economic Working Papers 553. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
  10. RSM (2023). 2023 workforce report The middle market embraces remote work. 
  11. Global Workforce Analytics (2023). Telework Savings Calculator.
  12. World Economic Forum (WEF)(2023). Where remote jobs are growing fastest – 4 charts show the locations and sectors.
  13. Upwork (2020). Future Workforce Report 2021.
  14. Microsoft (2022). Work Trend Index Annual Report
  15. Hubstaff (2021). 2021 Remote Project Management Report.
  16. Aksoy, Cevat Giray, Jose Maria Barrero, Nicholas Bloom, Steven J. Davis, Mathias Dolls, and Pablo Zarate. (2023). Time Savings When Working from Home. AEA Papers and Proceedings, 113: 597-603.
  17. Monster (2020). Work in the time of Coronavirus
  18. Pew Research (2023). About a third of U.S. workers who can work from home now do so all the time.
  19. McKinsey (2023). How hybrid work has changed the way people work, live, and shop.
  20. Tao, Y., Yang, L., Jaffe, S., Amini, F., Bergen, P., Hecht, B., & You, F. (2023). Climate mitigation potentials of teleworking are sensitive to changes in lifestyle and workplace rather than ICT usage. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 120(39), e2304099120.
  21. Gallup (2022). Returning to the Office: The Current, Preferred and Future State of Remote Work.
  22. US Census Bureau (2023). Home-Based Workers and the COVID-19 Pandemic.
  23. Owl Labs and Global Workplace Analytics (2021). State of Remote Work 2021.
  24. Cielo Talent (2023). Infographic: The Impact of Remote Working on Talent Acquisition.
  25. Digital (2021). 60% of Employers Require Monitoring Software for WFH Workers.
At RemotePad, Lech draws on his professional experience to write about employment taxes and payroll (both remote, and in-office). Lech holds a Bachelors’ degree from the University of Kent, a Master of Arts (MA) from Kings College London, and professional payroll and tax qualifications. He has 20 years experience advising on all manner of tax and business planning matters.