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55 Countries offering Digital Nomad Visas

A digital nomad visa, sometimes called a remote work visa, differs from a usual work or business visa. It allows the holder to temporarily live away from their primary country of residence while working remotely. They’re aimed at professionals who want to experience living in another country while maintaining their employment or other income sources from elsewhere.

Key Takeaways

  • Digital nomadism has become increasingly popular since the Coronavirus pandemic.
  • More than 50 countries around the world now issue visas for remote workers.
  • Visas intended for digital nomads are different from work and business visas.
  • The application process and requirements vary between different nations
  • You may be able to work remotely in a country without a specialist remote worker visa.

The Coronavirus pandemic drastically affected the landscape for travel, with most countries shutting their borders to tourists and visitors. Since then, the increase in remote working and the desire to travel have led to significant growth in digital nomadism. Digital nomads eschew traditional working patterns and work remotely from their chosen location, typically traveling at will.

Although specific visas are often not required for working in this way, many countries are taking note of the movement and offering digital nomad visas to traveling professionals. This type of visa can benefit professionals who want to remain in one location for an extended period.

If you’re already living this lifestyle or interested in leaping, understanding digital nomad visas and how they can support you is vital. This helps you decide which countries and visa options best fit your work and travel goals and understand how to apply for the correct visas for your needs. Keep reading to discover more about digital nomad visas and how you can apply for one.

What is a digital nomad visa? 

They are not intended to allow you to find work locally, begin working remotely for a local company, or as a starting point for permanent residency in the country. It’s usually a requirement that your employer or your freelance clients are based outside of the country you’re working from.

The duration of a digital nomad visa is also different from other types of work-related visas. Business visas are typically issued for short periods, similar to a tourist visa. A work visa may be valid for several years. Most countries that issue digital nomad visas allow you to work in the country for up to one year, but the regulations vary between different countries and some of these visas might allow you to stay for longer or shorter periods.

It should be noted that some digital nomad visas require that individuals have an overseas employer, while others allow individuals to earn income from other sources (such as freelancing). 

Where can I get a digital nomad visa?

A growing number of different countries now offer digital nomad visas. More than 50 countries around the world offer some form of digital nomad visa. Note, though, that if you’re a digital nomad, this doesn’t mean that you’re restricted to only working in these countries. In many countries, it’s possible to work as a digital nomad without requiring a specific ‘digital nomad’ visa. It’s important that you check the specific visa regulations of the countries that you want to visit to ensure that you’re compliant with the rules.

Many digital nomads choose to work remotely while staying in countries on tourist or visitor visas. It should be noted that this is generally against local immigration and tax laws. 

Below we consider the countries that either offer a specific digital nomad visa, or offer other visa classes that make it straightforward to work in that country or territory as a digital nomad. 

We survey the digital nomad schemes according to region through Europe, the Carribean, North, South and Central America, the Middle East, Asia-Pacific and Africa. 

Europe

Estonia

1. Cost of visa €80 short stay, €100 long stay
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum income€3,504 per month
4. Personal income taxup to 20%
5. Internet speed56.3 Mbps

Estonia has gained a reputation for its innovative visa solutions. In 2014, it launched its e-Residency program that allows overseas professionals to start online businesses in Estonia (read more about e-Residency in our guide to Estonia work visas). In 2020 this was followed up with a digital nomad visa that allows foreign nationals to stay in the country for up to one year whilst they work remotely.

To be eligible you must work for a company registered outside of Estonia or as a freelancer for clients outside of Estonia.

The application process takes around one month to complete.

To find out more about whether this visa is your best option see our comprehensive Estonia digital nomad visa guide

Bulgaria

1. Cost of visa €100-200, depending on nationality
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum incomeVaries
4. Personal income taxFlat 10%
5. Internet speed57.19 Mbps

Digital nomads who are self-employed (whether as a freelancer, or as a director of their own company) may be eligible for a self-employment permit and a long-stay (Type D) visa in Bulgaria. 

First, applicants must apply to the Bulgarian Employment Agency for a self-employment permit by detailing their intended activity, and specifying the expected economic benefits for the region and Bulgaria generally. If this is approved, the applicant can then apply for a Type D visa, and will need to provide: 

  • Proof of financial means to support yourself during the stay in Bulgaria
  • Proof of accommodation in Bulgaria, such as a rental agreement or property ownership documents
  • A valid reason for requesting a long-term stay, such as employment, self-employment, study, or family reunification
  • Health insurance covering the stay in Bulgaria.
  • A clean criminal record from your home country.

Note, there is currently no specific visa known as a “digital nomad visa” in Bulgaria that would cover workers employed by a foreign company. 

Croatia

1. Cost of visa$200
2. Visa Length2 years
3. Minimum income$2000 per month
4. Personal income taxup to 45%
5. Internet speed70.3 Mbps

Croatia began offering visas for remote workers in 2021. This visa is also known as the ‘Digital Nomad Residence Permit’. In Croatia, this functions like a residence permit instead of being a temporary visa, but is still colloquially referred to as a visa for digital nomads. The permit allows you to remain in Croatia for up to six months but if you want to renew your residency you’ll have to leave the country to do so once the six months is up. You can also apply for an extended digital nomad residency permit that’s valid for up to 12 months.

To be eligible for the program, applicants must: 

  • Be a citizen of a country outside the European Union (EU) or the European Economic Area (EEA)
  • Have a valid passport
  • Have a job or income that allows them to work remotely
  • Have health insurance that covers their stay in Croatia
  • Have no criminal record

Applications may be made online and must include proof of income or employment, proof of health insurance, and a police clearance certificate from their country of origin. The application fee is 1,100 HRK (approximately $170 USD) and must be paid when submitting the application.

While there is no specific income requirement for the Croatia digital nomad visa, but applicants must have a job or income that allows them to work remotely. The Croatian government has stated that participants should have a stable source of income that is at least equivalent to the average salary in Croatia, which is around 6,500 HRK (approximately $1,000 USD) per month.

Read more in our deep dive into Croatia digital nomad visas

Italy

1. Cost of visa€116
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum incomeat least €31,000 p.a
4. Personal income taxUp to 43%
5. Internet speed75.20 Mbps

The Elective Residence Visa, also known as the “Residenza Elettiva” visa, is a type of Italian long-term visa (National visa or “D” visa) designed for foreign nationals who wish to live in Italy and can support themselves without working for an Italian employer. This visa could potentially be used by digital nomads, particularly if they have a substantial regular income from outside Italy.

You’ll need to demonstrate a stable and sufficient income to support yourself. The income can come from various sources such as pensions, annuities, properties, stable economic and commercial activities, or other sources apart from employment. The exact amount required can vary but expect it to be at least €31,000 per year for an individual, and more for couples or families.

Spain

1. Cost of visa$200
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum income€2520 per month (2023)
4. Personal income taxUp to 47%
5. Internet speed86.89 Mbps

Approved by the Spanish parliament late in 2022, Spain’s digital nomad visa permits remote workers to stay in the country for up to five years. Visas are initially issued for 12 months but can be renewed. 

Non-EU nationals are able to apply for the visa, including both self-employed workers and remote employees. Applicants must meet professional and income requirements.

Read about the requirements for this visa in detail in our Spain digital nomad visa guide

Czechia

1. Cost of visa$110 
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum income€5,587 per person
4. Personal income tax15 and 23
5. Internet speed45.62Mbps

Czechia (Czech Republic) now offers a visa that lets you stay in the country for up to one year whilst you work remotely. Note, however, that the Czech Republic digital nomad visa is a freelancer visa, only supporting freelancers rather than applicants in regular employment. 

This visa, also known as the ‘Zivno visa’ (short for Zivnotensky List), requires that applicants meet the following criteria: 

  • Being a citizen of a country outside the European Union (EU) or the European Economic Area (EEA)
  • Being at least 18 years old
  • Having a valid passport
  • Having a business or self-employment activity that can be conducted remotely
  • Having sufficient funds to support themselves during their stay in the Czech Republic
  • Having health insurance that covers their stay in the Czech Republic

The application fee is 2,500 CZK (approximately $110 USD) and must be paid when submitting the application.

While there is no minimum income requirment, applicants should have a stable source of income that is at least equivalent to the minimum wage in the Czech Republic, which is currently around 14,600 CZK (approximately $640 USD) per month. 

Unlike holders of a regular Czechia work visa, those with a Czechia digital nomad or freelance visa must also hold a Trade License. You need to apply for this license whilst you’re in Czechia so there is likely to be a short gap between your arrival in the country and when you’re able to start working.

Portugal

1. Cost of visa€75
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum income$3,000 per month
4. Personal income tax
Residents: 48%
Non-Residents: 25%
5. Internet speed69.08Mbps

Portugal offers several different visas that are aimed at remote workers. 

The Temporary Stay Visa is valid for up to one year but can also be renewed. This visa gives those with proof of a remote job the chance to live in Portugal while keeping a remote job with an income of at least €2,800 a month. The visa can be extended up to four times, meaning a maximum of five years. For the first four years, individuals only pay a 15% tax rate for the first four years, rather than the standard 25%. 

The Portugal D7 visa is a long-term residency visa that allows non-EU nationals to live in Portugal as passive income earners, retirees, or investors. The visa is suitable for individuals who want to retire or generate passive income through investment in Portugal, but is also suitable for digital nomads. While the D7 visa is initially granted for one year, it can be renewed for up to two years at a time. After five years of living in Portugal, visa holders can apply for permanent residency.

For some digital nomads, the D2 Entrepreneur Visa may be an option. This visa is for entrepreneurs from outside the European Union and is designed to encourage investment in local businesses: Applicants must have a company doing business in Portugal (whether via investment or incorporation), or have the resources to set up that kind of company. On application, a business plan is required to show the positive impact the investment will have on the Portuguese economy. 

Initially issued for 120 days, the residency permit allows individuals to live in Portugal for up to 5 years. 

France

1. Cost of visa€99
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum income$3,000 per month
4. Personal income taxUp to 45%
5. Internet speed49.19 Mbps

France does not have a specific visa for digital nomads or self-employed remote workers. However, non-EU citizens who wish to stay in France for longer than 90 days can apply for a long-stay visa, also known as a “Visa de long séjour” or a “D visa.”

For self-employed individuals or freelancers, the “Professional Purpose” long-stay visa or “visa long séjour valant titre de séjour” (VLS-TS) might be appropriate. This visa serves as both a visa and a residence permit for the first year. However, it requires you to demonstrate that your business or independent work will contribute to the French economy.

Applicants will need to provide a range of documents including:

  1.  Proof of financial resources and health insurance
  2. A criminal record certificate.
  3. For the Professional Purpose visa, a business plan showing the ability to contribute to the regional and national economy in France, as well as proof of self-employment.

Latvia

1. Cost of visa€60
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum income$3,000 per month
4. Personal income taxUp to 31.4%
5. Internet speed40.99

Latvia introduced a digital nomad visa in July 2022. It is valid for one year, renewable for another year, and allows visa-holders to live and work in Latvia either as a self-employed person, or for a company based overseas. Applicants must be either: 

  • Employed by a company that is registered in an OECD country, and have worked there for at least six months, or
  • or self-employed with a business that is registered in an OECD country. 

Applicants must prove that their work can be carried out remotely, that they earn at least 2.5 times the average salary (€2,875.50 on latest figures), and that they have health insurance to cover the period in question. 

Lithuania

1. Cost of visa€120
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum incomeN/A
4. Personal income taxUp to 32%
5. Internet speed80.54 Mbps

Lithuania does not offer a specific digital nomad visa. However, non-EU residents who wish to stay in the country for a longer period may consider applying for a National (D) visa. The National (D) visa is a long-term visa that allows you to stay in Lithuania for up to one year. It is typically granted for reasons such as business or work, studies, or family reunification.

If you’re planning to work as a freelancer or self-employed individual, you could potentially apply for a D visa for the purpose of work.

To receive this visa, you’ll need to provide several documents, such as a valid passport, proof of sufficient financial resources, health insurance, and any documents that prove the purpose of your stay (for example, business registration documents if you’re a freelancer).

Georgia

1. Cost of visaFree
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum income$2,000 per month
4. Personal income tax20%
5. Internet speed30.53Mbps

Georgia’s digital nomad or remote work visa scheme is known as the ‘Remote from Georgia’ scheme. This program is open to foreign citizens from 95 countries who are over 18 years old and intend to stay in Georgia for at least 180 days. Before applying, make sure you are eligible based on your citizenship and intended length of stay.

To participate in the program, applicants must have a job that allows them to work remotely from Georgia. Participants must also have health insurance that covers their stay in Georgia. Proof of insurance is required when when applying for the program.

The application process can be completed online, and requires providing the necessary documents, including proof of employment, health insurance, and a valid passport. The processing time for applications is estimated to be as little as 10 business days. 

While there is no cost to apply for the scheme, applicants must ensure they have sufficient means to support their stay. 

Germany

1. Cost of visa€100
2. Visa Length 3 years
3. Minimum income Proof of self-sustainability and an address in Germany
4. Personal income tax 45%
5. Internet speed 57.22Mbps

Germany’s digital nomad visa is a freelancer visa, also known as the German Freelance Residence Permit: It allows self-employed individuals to live and work in Germany for an extended period of time. The visa is intended for freelancers, artists, and other self-employed professionals who wish to work and live in Germany.

The Germany freelancer visa is initially issued for a period of up to 3 months to allow the individual to enter the country. Once in Germany, the Freelancer Resident Permit can be issued and will last for 6 months to 3 years, depending on the applicant’s circumstances and the length of the project.

The compulsory fee for the visa ranges from €60 to €110. In addition, applicants may also be required to pay for other fees, such as health insurance and language course fees.

To be eligible for the Germany freelancer visa, applicants must demonstrate that they have sufficient income to support themselves during their stay in Germany. 

In addition to demonstrating sufficient income, applicants must meet several other requirements, including:

  • Proof of health insurance that covers the applicant’s entire stay in Germany
  • A clear criminal record
  • A valid passport

Applicants must also provide proof of accommodation in Germany, such as a rental agreement or a hotel reservation.

Iceland

1. Cost of visa€50 or $61
2. Visa Length6 months
3. Minimum incomeSingle Applicant: €6,460 or $7,777
Couple Applicant: €9,690 or $11,667
4. Personal income tax31.8%
5. Internet speedNo Data Available

Iceland introduced a new long-term visa for remote workers in 2020, aimed at attracting digital nomads and remote workers to live and work in Iceland for up to 6 months. This visa is known as the “Long-term visa for remote workers” and is issued by the Directorate of Immigration in Iceland.

Note, the visa can be extended for an additional 6 months, making the total length of stay up to 12 months.

The cost of the visa is currently 80,000 Icelandic krona (ISK), which is approximately $640 USD or €540 EUR. This fee is non-refundable and must be paid when submitting the visa application.

Applicants must demonstrate that they have a stable income that meets a certain threshold:

  • If the applicant is single, they must show that they have a monthly income of at least 1,000,000 ISK (approximately $8,000 USD or €6,800 EUR)
  • If the applicant is married or in a registered partnership, they must show that they have a monthly income of at least 1,500,000 ISK (approximately $12,000 USD or €10,200 EUR)
  • If the applicant has dependent children, they must show an additional 250,000 ISK (approximately $2,000 USD or €1,700 EUR) per child.

Note, this required income can be from various sources, such as remote work, self-employment, investments, or savings. The income must be regular, stable, and sufficient to cover the applicant’s living expenses during their stay in Iceland.

In addition to demonstrating a stable income, applicants must also provide evidence of:

  • Health insurance that covers the applicant’s entire stay in Iceland.
  • A clear criminal record
  • A valid passport.
  • A signed declaration of good health.

Applicants must also provide proof of accommodation for their entire stay in Iceland, although this can be in the form of a hotel reservation or a rental contract for a furnished apartment.

Norway

1. Cost of visa€600
2. Visa Length3 years
3. Minimum income€35,719
4. Personal income tax22%
5. Internet speed131.23Mbps

The Norway digital nomad visa is an Independent Contractor visa, which allows self-employed individuals to work and live in Norway — ideal for professionals who want to work in Norway on a project or contract basis.

The Independent Contractor visa is initially granted for up to 6 months, but it can be extended for up to 4 years. The extension is dependent on the length of the contract, and the visa holder must renew the visa each year.

The fee for the visa is currently €600. 

Applicants must demonstrate that they have sufficient income to support themselves during their stay in Norway. Currently, proof of income of at least €35,719 per year is required. 

As part of their application, alongside the application form and application fee, applicants must provide: 

Malta

1. Cost of visa€300
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum income€2,700
4. Personal income tax35%
5. Internet speed53.38Mbps

The Malta Nomad Residency Permit is a program designed for remote workers, freelancers, and digital nomads who want to work and live in Malta for an extended period. The program offers a one-year residency permit that can be renewed annually, allowing individuals to stay in Malta for up to two years.

The Malta Nomad Residency Permit is initially granted for one year, and it can be renewed for a second year. After two years, individuals may be eligible for other long-term residency options in Malta.

Currently, the cost of the Malta Nomad Residency Permit is €300 for the first year and €250 for each subsequent year. 

To be eligible for the Malta Nomad Residency Permit, applicants must demonstrate that they have sufficient income to support themselves during their stay in Malta. Currently, this means an income of at least €2,700 per month. 

In addition to demonstrating sufficient income, applicants for the Malta Nomad Residency Permit must meet several other requirements, including:

  • Holding a valid passport
  • Providing proof of health insurance that covers the applicant’s entire stay in Malta.
  • Possessing a clean criminal record
  • Showing evidence of remote work or freelance work that can be done from Malta
  • Providing evidence of accommodation in Malta, such as a rental agreement or a hotel reservation.

Romania

1. Cost of visa€100
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum income€1,200
4. Personal income tax10%
5. Internet speed47.02Mbps

The Romania Digital Nomad Visa is a new program that allows remote workers and digital nomads to live and work in Romania for up to one year. The program is designed to attract location-independent professionals who can contribute to the Romanian economy while enjoying the country’s rich culture, history, and natural beauty.

The Romania Digital Nomad Visa is initially granted for six months, and can be renewed for an additional six months, allowing individuals to stay in Romania for up to one year.

The Romania Digital Nomad Visa currently costs €100.

To be eligible for the Romania Digital Nomad Visa, applicants must demonstrate that they have sufficient income to support themselves during their stay in Romania. Currently, this requires an income of at least €1,200 per month.

On application, applicants must demonstrate that they have health insurance that covers the applicant’s entire stay in Romania, evidence that remote work or freelance work that can be done from Romania and evidence of accommodation in Romania, such as a rental agreement or a hotel reservation.

Slovakia

1. Cost of visa232
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum incomeVaries
4. Personal income taxup to 25%
5. Internet speed90.2 Mbps

Slovakia doesn’t have a specific visa designed for digital nomads or self-employed remote workers. However, one option for non-EU/EEA citizens who want to live and work independently in Slovakia could be to apply for a “Temporary Residence for the Purpose of Business.”

Here are the general steps and requirements:

  1. Establish a Business: To qualify, you typically need to establish a business entity in Slovakia. This involves registering the business with the Slovak Business Register.

  2. Application Form: Complete the relevant application form for a temporary residence permit.

  3. Documentation: You’ll need to provide several documents, including a valid passport, proof of health insurance, a criminal record certificate, proof of accommodation in Slovakia, and documents related to your business (such as a business license, tax documents, and a business plan).

Greece

1. Cost of visa€100
2. Visa Length3 years
3. Minimum income€2,000
4. Personal income tax44%
5. Internet speed63.6Mbps

The Greece digital nomad visa is a program that allows remote workers and digital nomads to live and work in Greece for up to one year. The program aims to attract location-independent professionals who can contribute to the Greek economy while enjoying the country’s beautiful scenery, rich culture, and warm climate.

The Greece digital nomad visa is initially granted for six months, and it can be renewed for an additional six months, allowing individuals to stay in Greece for up to one year.

The  Greece digital nomad visa currently costs €100.

To be eligible for the Greece digital nomad visa, applicants must demonstrate that they have sufficient income to support themselves during their stay in Greece, which currently means an income of at least €2,000 per month. 

On application, applicants must show that they have health insurance that covers the applicant’s entire stay in Greece, as well as evidence of remote work or freelance work that can be done from Greece and evidence of accommodation in Greece, such as a rental agreement or a hotel reservation.

Cyprus

1. Cost of visaInsurance & Renewal Fee: €70
Registration to Alien’s Registry: €70
2. Visa Length6 months
3. Minimum income€3,500
4. Personal income tax35%
5. Internet speed60.42Mbps

The Cyprus digital nomad visa scheme is a program that allows remote workers and digital nomads to live and work in Cyprus for up to one year. The program aims to attract location-independent professionals who can contribute to the Cypriot economy while enjoying the country’s beautiful beaches, rich history, and Mediterranean climate.

The Cyprus digital nomad visa is initially granted for six months, and it can be renewed for an additional six months, allowing individuals to stay in Cyprus for up to one year. Currently, the Cyprus digital nomad visa costs €150. 

To be eligible for the Cyprus digital nomad visa, applicants must demonstrate that they have sufficient income to support themselves during their stay in Cyprus, currently an income of at least €3,000 per month. 

In addition to demonstrating sufficient income, applicants for the Cyprus digital nomad visa must meet demonstrate in their application that they have  health insurance that covers their entire stay and that they have remote work or freelance work that can be done from Cyprus. They must also provide evidence of accommodation in Cyprus, such as a rental agreement or a hotel reservation.

Hungary

1. Cost of visa€165
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum income€1740 monthly
4. Personal income tax15%
5. Internet speed44.17Mbps

The Hungary White Card work permit is a program designed to attract highly skilled workers from non-EU countries, including digital nomads.  It allows foreigners to live and work in Hungary for up to three years. 

The Hungary White Card work permit is initially granted for one year, and it can be renewed for an additional two years, allowing individuals to stay in Hungary for up to three years.

Currently, the cost of the Hungary White Card work permit is HUF 60,000 (approximately €165). 

To be eligible for the Hungary White Card work permit, applicants must demonstrate that they meet an income threshold, currently set at at least three times the Hungarian minimum wage, which is HUF 210,600 per month (approximately €580).

In addition to demonstrating sufficient income, applicants for the Hungary White Card work permit must meet a range of other requirements, including demonstrating evidence of education or professional qualifications that are recognized in Hungary and evidence of a job offer from a Hungarian employer or evidence of self-employment. 

Albania

1. Cost of visa$95 USD (approximately)
2. Visa Length1-5 years
3. Minimum income$9,800 p.a
4. Personal income tax23%
5. Internet speed41.85%

Albania has recently introduced a Single Permit for Digital Nomads program, which allows remote workers to legally reside and work in the country for up to a year. The Single Permit for Digital Nomads, also known as the ‘Unique Permit’ combines a temporary residence permit with a work permit, allowing digital nomads to work remotely for clients or companies outside of Albania while living in the country.

Applicants will need to show that they meet minimum income requirements, and need to provide one of the following: 

  • A valid employment contract with an international employer (who has given permission for an individual to work remotely)
  • A service contract with an overseas client
  • A service contract with a client that will work without a specific headquarters. 

All applicants must also provide documents demonstrating their professional capacity such as a diploma, certificate, or other qualification, as well as valid health insurance coverage. 

Applications can be made through the Albania government’s e-portal

Armenia

1. Cost of visa$270
2. Visa Length5 years
3. Minimum incomeSufficient
4. Personal income taxUp to 47%
5. Internet speed86.89 Mbp

Armenia offers several options for foreigners who wish to reside in the country for an extended period of time, including digital nomads. The most popular is the Foreigner’s Residence Permit (FRP). The FRP allows foreigners to legally reside in Armenia for a period of up to one year and can be renewed annually.

The cost of the FRP is ֏120,000 (approximately $240) for the first year, and the renewal fee is ֏60,000 (approximately $120) per year.

The FRP is valid for one year and can be renewed annually.

In addition to demonstrating that they can support themselves financially, applicants must provide a criminal record check from their home country and undergo a medical examination. They must also have a valid passport with at least six months of validity remaining and provide proof of accommodation in Armenia.

To apply for the FRP, applicants must submit their application and supporting documents to the Passport and Visa Department of the Armenian Police. The application process typically takes around 30 days, and applicants will receive their permit once their application is approved.

The United Kingdom

1. Cost of visa£152
2. Visa LengthUp to 5 years and 4 months
3. Minimum incomeVaries
4. Personal income taxup to 45%
5. Internet speed62.71 Mbps

The United Kingdom does not have a visa specifically for digital nomads. However, there are several visas that exceptionally qualified digital nomads (whether self-employed, starting a business, or employed by a foreign company) may be able to use. These include the:

  1. Global Talent Visa: This visa is intended for individuals who work in a qualifying field and have been endorsed as a recognized leader (exceptional talent) or an emerging leader (exceptional promise). The fields include academia or research, arts and culture, and digital technology.
  2. Innovator Visa: This visa is intended for individuals who want to set up or run a business in the UK. You need to have at least £50,000 in investment funds to apply for this visa.
  3. Start-up Visa: This is for individuals who are starting a business for the first time in the UK. You do not need funds to invest, but your business idea must be endorsed by an approved body.

Caribbean

Barbados

1. Cost of visa$2,000
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum income$50,000 per year
4. Personal income taxup to 28.05%
5. Internet speed81.23 Mps

Barbados has introduced a remote work visa called the ‘Welcome Stamp’, which allows eligible individuals to work remotely from Barbados for up to 12 months. The program was introduced in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, which has led to an increase in remote work opportunities.

The Welcome Stamp offers several benefits to remote workers, including the ability to live and work in a beautiful Caribbean location with a high quality of life: Barbados is known for its excellent healthcare system, low crime rate, and excellent infrastructure, including high-speed internet connectivity.

The cost of the Welcome Stamp is $2,000 for individuals and $3,000 for families, which covers the application fee and the cost of processing the visa. The fee is non-refundable and must be paid in full at the time of application.

The Welcome Stamp is valid for 12 months from the date of entry into Barbados. It can be renewed for an additional 12 months if the applicant wishes to extend their stay.

There is no minimum income requirement for the Welcome Stamp, but applicants must demonstrate that they are able to support themselves financially while living in Barbados. This means providing proof of income or savings that are sufficient to cover living expenses such as rent, food, and healthcare.

In addition to the financial requirements, applicants must also have health insurance that covers them for the duration of their stay in Barbados. 

To apply for the Welcome Stamp, applicants must submit their application and supporting documents to the Barbados Immigration Department. The application process typically takes around five working days, and applicants will receive their visa once their application is approved.

Antigua & Barbuda

1. Cost of visaIndividual: $1,500
Couple: $2,000
Family: $3,000
2. Visa Length2 years
3. Minimum income$50,000 per year
4. Personal income tax0%
5. Internet speedNo Data Available

Antigua and Barbuda introduced a Digital Nomad Residence Visa in 2020, which allows eligible individuals to live and work remotely from Antigua and Barbuda for up to two years. 

The Digital Nomad Residence Visa offers gives remote workers and digital nomads the ability to live and work in a beautiful Caribbean location with a high quality of life: Antigua and Barbuda is known for its excellent beaches, warm climate, and laid-back lifestyle. The visa also allows holders to bring their families with them, making it a great option for those who wish to work and live together.

The cost of the Digital Nomad Residence Visa is $1,500 per person or $2,000 for a family of up to three people. This fee is non-refundable and covers the cost of processing the visa application.

The Digital Nomad Residence Visa is valid for up to two years from the date of issue. However, holders of the visa are required to visit the country at least once every year to maintain their status.

In addition to the income requirement, applicants must also have health insurance that covers them for the duration of their stay in Antigua and Barbuda. 

To apply for the Digital Nomad Residence Visa, applicants must submit their application and supporting documents to the Antigua and Barbuda Department of Immigration. The application process typically takes around two weeks, and applicants will receive their visa once their application is approved.

Bermuda

1. Cost of visa$263
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum incomeEnough to support yourself
4. Personal income taxN/A
5. Internet speedNo Data Available

Bermuda introduced the ‘Work from Bermuda’ visa in 2020, which allows digital nomads and other eligible individuals to live and work remotely from Bermuda for up to one year. The Work from Bermuda visa offers several benefits to remote workers, including the ability to live and work in a beautiful island location with a high quality of life: Bermuda is known for its pink sand beaches, crystal-clear waters, and laid-back lifestyle. The visa also allows holders to bring their families with them, making it a great option for those who wish to work and live together.

The cost of the Work from Bermuda visa is $263 for individuals and $535 for families. This fee is non-refundable and covers the cost of processing the visa application.

The Work from Bermuda visa is valid for up to one year from the date of issue and holders can apply for an extension for up to a total of two years.

To apply for the Work from Bermuda visa, applicants must submit their application and supporting documents to the Bermuda Department of Immigration. The application process typically takes around five business days, and applicants will receive their visa once their application is approved.

Anguilla

1. Cost of visa$2,000
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum incomeN/A
4. Personal income taxN/A
5. Internet speedNo Data Available

Anguilla introduced the Anguilla Remote Work Stamp in 2020, which allows eligible individuals to live and work remotely from Anguilla for up to 12 months. Holders of the visa can apply for an extension for up to a total of two years. Applicants must demonstrate that they have health insurance that covers them for the duration of their stay in Anguilla. 

To apply for the Anguilla Remote Work Stamp, applicants must submit their application and supporting documents to the Anguilla Tourist Board. The application process typically takes around three to five business days, and applicants will receive their visa once their application is approved.

Montserrat

1. Cost of visaSingle: $500
Family: $750 (Up to 3 dependents)
– $250 for each additional family member
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum incomeN/A
4. Personal income taxN/A
5. Internet speedNo Data Available

Montserrat launched the Montserrat Remote Work Stamp program in 2021, which allows eligible individuals to live and work remotely from Montserrat for up to 12 months. It can be renewed for up to two years. 

The Montserrat Remote Work Stamp is an attractive option for those seeking a digital nomad visa: Montserrat is known for its volcanic landscapes, hiking trails, and eco-tourism opportunities. The visa also allows holders to bring their families with them, making it a great option for those who wish to work and live together.

The cost of the Montserrat Remote Work Stamp is $500 per person. This fee is non-refundable and covers the cost of processing the visa application.

To qualify for the Montserrat Remote Work Stamp, applicants must demonstrate that they have a steady income of at least $70,000 per year. This can be from a variety of sources, such as employment, self-employment, or investments. Applicants must provide evidence of their income, such as tax returns or bank statements.

In addition to satisfying the income requirement, applicants must also have health insurance that covers them for the duration of their stay in Montserrat. 

To apply for the Montserrat Remote Work Stamp, applicants must submit their application and supporting documents to the Montserrat Immigration Department. The application process typically takes around five to seven business days, and applicants will receive their visa once their application is approved.

Dominica

1. Cost of visaSingle: $800
Family: $1,200
2. Visa Length18 Months
3. Minimum income$70,000 per year
4. Personal income taxN/A
5. Internet speedNo Data Available

Dominica launched the ‘Work in Nature’ program in 2020, which allows eligible individuals to live and work remotely from Dominica for up to 18 months — an ideal visa for digital nomads. Time extensions are available for up to two years. 

Dominica (not to be confused with the Dominican Republic), is an ideal location for digital nomads seeking a beautiful Caribbean location with a high quality of life: The island is known for its lush rainforests, waterfalls, and eco-tourism opportunities

The cost of the Work in Nature program depends on the length of stay. The fees are as follows:

  • Up to 6 months: $500
  • Up to 9 months: $800
  • Up to 12 months: $1,000
  • Up to 18 months: $1,500

To qualify for the Work in Nature program, applicants must demonstrate that they have a steady income of at least $50,000 per year, from any legitimate source. Applicants must provide evidence of their income, such as tax returns or bank statements.

To apply for the Work in Nature program, applicants must submit their application and supporting documents to the Discover Dominica Authority. The application process typically takes around five to seven business days, and applicants will receive their visa once their application is approved.

The Bahamas

1. Cost of visa$1,000
– $500 for each dependent
2. Visa Length36 months
3. Minimum incomeA letter from your current employer or proof of self-employment and income
4. Personal income taxN/A
5. Internet speedNo Data Available

The Bahamas Extended Access Stay Scheme, also known as the Bahamas Extended Stay Visa, is a program launched in 2020 that allows eligible individuals to live and work remotely from the Bahamas for up to one year (With an extension of up to two years). 

Many digital nomads consider the Bahamas an ideal remote work location — especially for those who wish to remain close to the continental United States. It is a country known for its crystal-clear waters, white sand beaches, and water sports activities. 

The cost of the Bahamas Extended Access Stay Scheme is $1,025 for individuals and $1,500 for families. This fee is non-refundable and covers the cost of processing the visa application.

To qualify for the Bahamas Extended Access Stay Scheme, applicants must demonstrate that they have a steady income of at least $40,000 per year. Applicants must provide evidence of their income, such as tax returns or bank statements.

To apply for the Bahamas Extended Access Stay Scheme, applicants must submit their application and supporting documents to the Bahamas Ministry of Tourism. The application process typically takes around five to seven business days, and applicants will receive their visa once their application is approved.

Curaçao

1. Cost of visa$294
2. Visa Length6 months
3. Minimum incomeProof of Solvency
4. Personal income taxN/A
5. Internet speedNo Data Available

Curaçao (also known as ‘Curacao’) boasts a popular digital nomad visa known as the ‘Home in Curacao’ program, or the ‘Curacao Remote Work Visa’. This program launched in 2021 allows eligible individuals to live and work remotely from Curacao for up to six months: Note, no extensions are available. 

The cost of the Home in Curacao program is $447 per person. This fee is non-refundable and covers the cost of processing the visa application.

There are currently no minimum income requirements for this visa scheme, but applicants must have health insurance that covers them for the duration of their stay in Curacao. 

To apply for the Home in Curacao program, applicants must submit their application and supporting documents to the Curacao Tourist Board. The application process typically takes around five to seven business days, and applicants will receive their visa once their application is approved.

Saint Lucia

1. Cost of visaEC$190
2. Visa Length12 months
3. Minimum incomeN/A
4. Personal income tax30%
5. Internet speedNo Data Available

The Saint ‘Lucia Live It’ program, also known as the ‘Saint Lucia Nomad Digital Residence Program’, is a visa scheme launched in 2021 that allows eligible individuals to live and work remotely from Saint Lucia for up to six months: Note, no extensions are available. 

The cost of the Saint Lucia Live It program is $618 per person. This fee is non-refundable and covers the cost of processing the visa application.

While there is currently no minimum income requirement, applicants must also have health insurance that covers them for the duration of their stay in Saint Lucia. 

To apply for the Saint Lucia Live It program, applicants must submit their application and supporting documents to the Saint Lucia Citizenship by Investment Unit. The application process typically takes around seven business days, and applicants will receive their visa once their application is approved.

Grenada

1. Cost of visaSingle: $1,500
Family: $2,000 (Up to 3 dependents)
– $200 for each additional dependent
2. Visa Length12 months
3. Minimum incomeN/A
4. Personal income taxN/A
5. Internet speedNo Data Available

The Grenada digital nomad visa, also known as the ‘Work from Grenada’ program, is a visa scheme launched in 2020 that allows eligible individuals to live and work remotely from Grenada for up to 12 months. A one-time extension is available of up to 12 months. 

The cost of the Grenada digital nomad visa is $1,500 per person.

To qualify for the Grenada digital nomad visa, applicants must demonstrate that they have a steady income of at least $37,000 per year. Applicants must provide evidence of their income, such as tax returns or bank statements.

In addition to meeting the income requirment, applicants must also have health insurance that covers them for the duration of their stay in Grenada. 

To apply for the Grenada digital nomad visa, applicants must submit their application and supporting documents to the Grenada Citizenship by Investment Unit. The application process typically takes around 14 business days, and applicants will receive their visa once their application is approved.

North, Central and South America

Costa Rica

1. Cost of visa$100
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum income$3,000 – $4,000
4. Personal income taxN/A
5. Internet speed25.72Mbps

Costa Rica’s Digital Nomad Visa allows you to stay in the country for much longer than you can with a tourist visa. This visa is specifically designed for individuals who are able to work remotely and do not intend to work for a Costa Rican employer.

Whilst tourist visas are valid for 90 days, the Costa Rica Digital Nomad visa means you can remain in the country for up to one year. This visa gives you the right to open a bank account in Costa Rica whilst also exempting the holder from income tax. Applying for this visa also means you get a fast response: Approvals or rejections are issued within 15 days of the application being received.

The cost of the Digital Nomad visa is $100 and must be paid to the Banco de Costa Rica upon application. 

While only available for one year, the visa is renewable for one subsequent year. 

To qualify for the Digital Nomad visa, applicants must show proof of a stable income of at least USD $3,000 per month, from any legitimate source over the previous year. This rises to USD $4,000 per month for those bringing dependents. 

Applicants must provide a police clearance certificate from their country of origin and must have health insurance coverage while in Costa Rica. They must also have a contract with a company or individual located outside of Costa Rica that details their remote work arrangement.

For more information on the Costa Rica Digital Nomad and Remote Worker visa check out this fact sheet from the Costa Rican government. 

To dig into the details of this visa check out our comprehensive guide to the Costa Rica Digital Nomad Visa

In addition to the Digital Nomad visa, Costa Rica also offers a Rentista Visa that may be suitable for some digital nomads. The Rentista visa is designed for individuals who can show a fixed source of income and wish to live in Costa Rica for a period of time: The income can come from a variety of sources such as investments, pensions, or a business, but it must be at least $2,500 per month.

Crucially, this income cannot be regular employment income: Unlike the digital nomad visa, this visa is targeted at those with a fixed passive income source. 

The cost of the Rentista visa is $250 for the initial application, and $50 for each dependent. The visa is valid for two years and can be renewed for an additional two years.

Argentina

1. Cost of visa€80 short stay, €100 long stay
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum income$3,504 per month
4. Personal income taxUp to 20%
5. Internet speed56.03Mbps

Argentina began issuing digital nomad visas in 2022. Although remote workers can stay in Argentina with a usual tourist visa, there’s also the option to get a specialist visa that lets you stay in the country for up to 180 days. Applying for this visa requires you to submit some evidence such as a copy of your resume and professional documentation like an employment contract or payslips. You also have to provide some information about the work activities you’ll be carrying out whilst you’re in Argentina.

Colombia

1. Cost of visa$180
2. Visa Length2 years
3. Minimum income$684 a month
4. Personal income tax35%
5. Internet speed26.11Mbps

Digital nomads are increasingly drawn to Colombia, enchanted by its perfect blend of work-life balance and cultural exploration. The country boasts reliable high-speed internet and affordable, co-working spaces, creating an ideal environment for remote work. Yet, the allure extends beyond the laptop screen. Colombia’s vibrant cities and breathtaking landscapes offer an everyday backdrop of inspiration. From the cobblestone streets of Cartagena to the lush greenery surrounding Medellin, the country is a feast for the senses. Add to this the warm hospitality of the locals, a rich tapestry of cultural events, and a thriving food scene, and it’s no surprise that digital nomads find themselves easily calling Colombia home. Living in Colombia offers not just a workspace, but a dynamic, immersive lifestyle that enriches the nomadic work experience.

Colombia introduced a specialist digital nomad visa in 2023.  It is available to those working in Colombia for a company based overseas, or to freelancers. It costs USD $180 and is valid for up to two years. 

Read more in our detailed guide to the Colombia digital nomad visa

Mexico

1. Cost of visa$190 – $390
2. Visa Length4 years
3. Minimum income$1,620 a month or a bank balance of $27,000
4. Personal income tax35%
5. Internet speed26.11Mbps

Mexico offers a temporary residence visa (also known as the Mexico Temporary Residence Card) for individuals who wish to live in the country for an extended period of time, including digital nomads and remote workers.

The cost of the temporary residence visa varies depending on the number of years it is issued for, ranging from 3,000 to 7,000 Mexican Pesos. 

The temporary residence visa is valid for up to four years, with the option to renew for an additional four years.

There is no specific income requirement for the temporary residence visa, but applicants must show proof of sufficient financial means to support themselves during their stay in Mexico. 

Other Requirements:

In addition to showing proof of financial means, applicants must provide a variety of documents, including a passport, a birth certificate, a criminal record check, and a health certificate. They must also complete an application form and attend an interview at the Mexican consulate or embassy.

There are two different versions of the Mexico temporary residence visa that may be relevant for digital nomads and remote workers, including:

  1. Visitor Visa with Permission to Engage in Remunerative Activities. This visa is designed for individuals who wish to engage in remunerative activities while in Mexico, including remote work and freelance work. To qualify, applicants must show proof of income or financial means to support themselves during their stay, as well as a letter from the employer or client detailing the nature of their work.
  2. Temporary Resident Visa for Work Activities. This visa is designed for individuals who wish to work for a Mexican employer or establish a business in Mexico. To qualify, applicants must show proof of a job offer or a business plan, as well as evidence of their qualifications and experience in their field.

Panama

1. Cost of visa$300
2. Visa Length18 Months
3. Minimum income$36,000 a year
4. Personal income tax25%
5. Internet speed17.19Mbps

Panama offers a Short Stay for Remote Workers visa program, which allows digital nomads and remote workers to live and work in the country for up to 18 months. This program is designed to attract professionals who are able to work remotely and contribute to Panama’s economy.

The cost of the Short Stay for Remote Workers visa program is $250 per person, which covers the application fee and processing costs.

The visa is valid for up to 18 months, with the option to renew for an additional 18 months.

Applicants are required to show proof of sufficient income to support themselves during their stay in Panama: The minimum monthly income required is $2,500, or $3,000 if accompanied by dependents. This income can come from a variety of sources, such as employment, self-employment, or investment income.

In addition to showing proof of income, applicants must provide a variety of documents, including a passport, a background check, and proof of health insurance. They must also provide a detailed description of their work, including the company or clients they work for and the nature of their work.

Upon approval of the visa, applicants will be required to undergo a medical exam and obtain a police certificate from their country of origin. They must also register with the National Immigration Service and obtain a work permit from the Ministry of Labor.

Belize

1. Cost of visa$250
2. Visa Length180 days (can be extended)
3. Minimum incomeSingle: $75,000 a year
Couple or Family: $100,000 a year
4. Personal income taxN/A
5. Internet speed9.73Mbps

Belize offers a Work Where You Vacation program, which is designed to attract digital nomads and remote workers to the country. This program allows individuals to work remotely from Belize for six months, while enjoying the country’s natural beauty and culture. There are no specific requirements about the type of work required, making this program suitable for those with remote employment, freelancing or independent business income alike. 

The cost of the program is USD $250 per person. 

Applicants are required to show proof of sufficient income to support themselves during their stay in Belize. Proof that the applicant has eared USD $75,000 in the previous year, or USD $100,000 for those with dependents ,is required. 

In addition to showing proof of income, applicants must provide a variety of documents, including a passport, a background check, and proof of health insurance. 

Brazil

1. Cost of visaUnknown
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum income$1,500 a month
4. Personal income tax27.05%
5. Internet speed36.87Mbps

The Brazil Digital Nomad Visa (officially known as ‘Temporary Visa VITEM XIV’) is a temporary visa that allows remote workers to live and work in Brazil for up to one year. To be eligible for this visa, applicants must meet several requirements. Firstly, applicants must be remote workers, including freelancers, entrepreneurs, or remote employees working for a foreign company. Secondly, applicants must demonstrate a stable income from their work, which could be proven through contracts, invoices, bank statements, or tax returns. Thirdly, applicants must have health insurance that covers them for the duration of their stay in Brazil.

Additionally, applicants cannot work for a Brazilian company while in Brazil on this visa. They must have a passport with at least six months’ validity and not have a criminal record or any prior convictions. Lastly, applicants must be able to provide proof of where they will be staying in Brazil for the duration of their stay.

Applicants can apply for the Brazil Digital Nomad Visa through the Brazilian embassy or consulate in their home country. 

The cost of the application for the Brazil digital nomad visa is currently USD $100. 

Ecuador

1. Cost of visa$400
2. Visa Length2 years
3. Minimum income$1,275 a month
4. Personal income tax37%
5. Internet speed20.26Mbps

Ecuador has introduced a new visa category specifically designed for digital nomads: The Ecuador Digital Nomad Visa is also known as the Rentista Visa or Nomad Visa (in Spanish, visa de residencia temporal rentista para trabajo remoto (Visa Nómada))

The cost of the visa is $400, and it is valid for up to two years, and renewable in two-year increments. Note, only $50 is payable on application, with the remainder being due if the application is approved. 

Applicants are required to prove that they are earning three times the “basic income” in Ecuador. For example, in 2022, this amount was $425, so the monthly salary required was $1,275.

It is important to note that this visa does not allow holders to work for Ecuadorian employers: It is intended for individuals who work for clients outside of Ecuador, and who will bring their income into the country.

Uruguay

1. Cost of visa$10
2. Visa Length21 year
3. Minimum incomeNone
4. Personal income tax37%
5. Internet speed20.26Mbps

In 2023, Uruguay announced that it is bringing in a dedicated digital nomad visa (officially known as the Provisional Identity Card (Hojas de Identidad Provisoria)). This allows visa-holders to live in Uruguay for up to one year where they have a remote job or are self-employed. 

Unlike most other digital nomad visas, there is no minimum income requirement for the Uruguay digital nomad visa. 

Read more detail about this visa in our dedicted Uruguay digital nomad visa guide

Middle-East and Asia-Pacific

Dubai

1. Cost of visa$287
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum income€5,000 per month (over the last 3 months) plus proof of employment or proof of company ownership
4. Personal income taxN/A
5. Internet speed179.61Mbps

The Dubai one-year virtual working program is a new visa program introduced by the government of Dubai in 2020. It allows remote workers to live and work in Dubai for up to one year. It is officially known as the ‘Work remotely from Dubai‘ program. 

The Dubai digital nomad visa is attractive to those who seek to live and work in a modern and vibrant city, with access to world-class infrastructure, amenities, and attractions. Dubai is known for its high standard of living, safety, and cultural diversity, which can make it an attractive destination for remote workers.

The cost of the Dubai one-year virtual working program is USD $287, which covers the visa application fee and processing fee.

The visa is valid for one year, and it allows remote workers to live and work in Dubai for the entire duration of their visa. Holders of this visa can enter and exit Dubai as many times as they wish during the validity period.

To be eligible for the Dubai one-year virtual working program, remote workers must earn a minimum monthly salary of $3,500 USD. They must provide proof of employment from their current employer or evidence of their business activities. They must also have a valid health insurance policy that covers them while in Dubai.

In addition to the minimum income requirement, remote workers must also provide a passport that is valid for at least six months, a passport-size photograph, and proof of their place of residence. They must also sign a form acknowledging that they will abide by the laws of Dubai and the UAE.

Goa and India

1. Cost of visaInformation not yet available
2. Visa Length1 Year
3. Minimum incomeUSD $85,000 p.a
4. Personal income taxUp to 30%
5. Internet speed38.74.Mbps

The Government of Goa — the beautiful coastal city and region in India — is currently developing a digital nomad visa for the region.  It is an area renowned for its exquisite beaches, climate, and excellent remote work infrastructure. 

While details are sparse, on the latest reports, the minimum income requirement for eligibility is estimated to be approximately ₹7 million (or USD $85,000) per annum.

Laos

1. Cost of visaVaries
2. Visa Length1 Year
3. Minimum incomeVaries
4. Personal income tax28%
5. Internet speed28.84 Mbps

While Laos does not currently have a specific visa for digital nomads, some digital nomads may be eligible for a Laos business visa which allows them to stay in the country for up to one year. 

The primary requirement for a Laotian business visa, also known as a B visa, is that the applicant must be travelling to Laos for business or work-related purposes. Here are some of the key requirements:

  1. Sponsorship: A business visa application typically requires sponsorship from a registered Laotian company, organization or government agency. This sponsor may need to provide supporting documents, such as a letter of invitation explaining the purpose of your visit.

  2. Completed Visa Application Form: This form usually requires information such as your personal details, travel plans, and details about your sponsor in Laos.

  3. Proof of Travel Arrangements: Depending on the specific requirements at the time of your application, you may also need to provide proof of your travel arrangements, such as a return flight ticket.

Thailand

1. Cost of visa10,000 THB p.a
2. Visa Length1-4 years
3. Minimum income600,000 THB initial capital for startup visa
4. Personal income taxup to 35%
5. Internet speed260.54 Mbps

While Thailand does not currently have a visa directly targeted at all digital nomads, some digital nomads may be eligible for the relatively new ‘Smart Visa’ program. This visa is valid for up to four years, and is divided into several categories:

  1. Talent (T): For highly-skilled professionals in targeted industries.
  2. Investor (I): For foreign investors in targeted industries.
  3. Executive (E): For high-level executives in targeted industries.
  4. Startup (S): For foreign startups who wish to start their business in Thailand.

For self-employed remote workers and digital nomads, the “S” (Startup) category will likely be the most applicable, although it’s designed for those who intend to establish a startup in Thailand rather than those who simply wish to live in Thailand while working remotely.

Note, the “S” category requires a clear business plan and access to at least 600,000 THB in funds.

Taiwan

1. Cost of visa$100 – $310 (depending on nationality and duration)
2. Visa LengthOpen-end
3. Minimum income$5,700 a month
4. Personal income taxResidents: 40 Non-residents: 20
5. Internet speed70.77Mbps

The most appealing Taiwan visa for digital nomads is the Taiwan Employment Gold Card: This is a visa that allows foreign professionals to live and work in Taiwan for a period of up to three years. It was introduced in 2018 as part of the government’s efforts to attract high-skilled professionals to Taiwan and promote the country as a hub for innovation and entrepreneurship.

The cost of the Taiwan Gold Card is NT$10,000 (approximately $350 USD) for the initial application, and NT$3,600 (approximately $125 USD) for each annual renewal.

The Gold Card is valid for up to three years and can be renewed annually. Holders of the Gold Card are allowed to enter and leave Taiwan as many times as they wish during the validity period.

To be eligible for the Taiwan Gold Card, applicants must meet one of the following criteria:

  • They have an annual salary of at least NT$2 million (approximately $70,000 USD) from a Taiwanese employer
  • They have a degree from a top 500 university and at least two years of work experience in a field of expertise identified as a key industry in Taiwan
  • They have received special recognition or awards for their professional achievements.

In addition to meeting one of these criteria, applicants must also provide documentation to demonstrate their qualifications and expertise, such as educational degrees and work experience.

In addition to meeting the income and qualification requirements, applicants must also provide a police clearance certificate from their country of origin or residence, a health certificate, and a passport that is valid for at least six months. They must also sign a declaration affirming their willingness to abide by the laws of Taiwan.

Vietnam

1. Cost of visaVaries
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum incomeVaries
4. Personal income taxUp to 35%
5. Internet speed 91.6Mbps

For long-term stays, the best option for a digital nomad visa is a business visa. Note, however, that this generally requires a sponsor from a Vietnamese company. 

Note, however, that you do not need to necessarily be employed by this company. It could be a company you’re doing business with or, in some cases, a Global Mobility service agency or Professional Employer Organization in Vietnam. 

A business visa in Vietnam is valid for up to one year. 

Malaysia

1. Cost of visaSingle: $220
Spouse or Dependent: $110 
2. Visa Length2 years
3. Minimum income$24,000 per year
4. Personal income taxResidents: 30%
Non-residents: 30%
5. Internet speed44.22Mbps

Malaysia has recently introduced a new visa program for digital nomads called the “De Rantau Nomad Pass”. This program allows foreign nationals to stay in Malaysia for up to 1 year with the option to renew for another year, while working remotely for their overseas employer or their own business.

To be eligible for the De Rantau Nomad Pass, applicants must meet the following requirements:

  • Be at least 18 years old
  • Have a valid passport with at least 18 months validity remaining
  • Have a minimum monthly income of RM10,000 (approximately $2,400 USD) or a minimum of RM300,000 (approximately $71,000 USD) in savings
  • Provide proof of travel and health insurance coverage for the duration of their stay in Malaysia
  • Agree to abide by the laws and regulations of Malaysia.

The cost of the De Rantau Nomad Pass is RM2,500 (approximately $600 USD) for the initial application and RM1,000 (approximately $240 USD) for the renewal.

In addition to the above requirements, De Rantau Nomad Pass holders must also comply with Malaysia’s immigration laws and regulations, including not engaging in any form of employment with a Malaysian employer or participating in any business activities within Malaysia.

Australia

1. Cost of visaVaries
2. Visa Length1-5 years depending on visa
3. Minimum incomeN/A
4. Personal income taxUp to 45%
5. Internet speed59.76 Mbps

Australia does not have a visa called a “Digital Nomad Visa”, however, it does have several visa options that may be available to digital nomads, depending on their circumstances. 

The Business Innovation Stream visa (technically known as the Business Innovation & Investment (Provisional) Visa (Subclass 188)) is a visa specifically targeted at some entrepreneurs and business owners. 

The Business Innovation Stream visa can last for up to five years as a provisional visa, be converted to a a permanent visa, and allows the applicant to bring their family with them. 

The eligibility criteria is strict: It is only available to those with an ownership stake in a company with a significant turnover (starting at $500,000 per annum), and requires applicants to contact sponsoring agencies for nomination. 

The cost for this visa is AUD 6,270 per applicant, with an additional charge for each family member. 

An alternative option for younger digital nomads is the Australia working holiday visa.

The Working Holiday visa (subclass 417) is designed to allow people between the ages of 18 and 30 (35 for some countries) to travel and work in Australia for up to 12 months. Note, Applicants must be between 18 and 30 years old (35 for some countries) and they must hold a passport from an eligible country.

Note, the visa can be extended for up to two additional years for those willing to work in rural Australia. 

New Zealand

1. Cost of visaVaries depending on visa
2. Visa Length12-30 months depending on visa
3. Minimum incomeVaries
4. Personal income taxUp to 39%
5. Internet speed141.57 Mbps

While there is no visa known as the “New Zealand Digital Nomad Visa”, there are several options available for digital nomads who wish to work in New Zealand. 

One option is the Working Holiday/Youth Mobility Visa which is available for applicants from eligible countries up to the age of 30 or 35 (depending on the country). 

The Talent (Arts, Culture, Sports) Work Visa is another option, for those who can demonstrate exceptional talent in a specific field. It is valid for up to 30 months and can be converted to permanent residence. 

Another possibility is the Entrepreneur Work Visa, though this is only available for those willing to make a capital contribution of $100,000 into their NZ business, or who can otherwise attain a waiver. 

Africa

Mauritius

1. Cost of visaFree
2. Visa LengthOwn your location independent business or work remotely for a company outside Mauritius
3. Minimum incomeN/A
4. Personal income tax15%
5. Internet speed23.15Mbps

Mauritius has a visa program attractive to many digital nomads known as the Mauritius Premium Visa program: The program is designed to attract high-net-worth individuals, investors, and professionals to work and live in Mauritius.

There is currently no cost to apply for the Mauritius Premium Visa. 

To be eligible for the Mauritius Premium Visa program, applicants must meet the following requirements:

  • Be at least 18 years old
  • Have a valid passport with at least 1 year validity remaining
  • Provide a bank statement showing a minimum balance of $18,000 USD or its equivalent in another currency
  • Provide proof of travel and health insurance coverage for the duration of their stay in Mauritius
  • Have no criminal record
  • Agree to undergo a medical examination in Mauritius if required

The Mauritius Premium Visa is valid for a period of up to one year, with the option to renew for another year. The program allows foreign nationals to work remotely for their overseas employer or their own business while residing in Mauritius.

In addition to the above requirements, Mauritius Premium Visa holders must also comply with the immigration laws and regulations of Mauritius, including not engaging in any form of employment with a Mauritian employer or participating in any business activities within Mauritius.

Cabo Verde (Cape Verde)

1. Cost of visa€45 +€75
2. Visa Length6 months
3. Minimum incomeSingle: €1,500
Family: €2,700
4. Personal income taxN/A
5. Internet speedNo Data Available

The Remote Working Cabo Verde program, also known as the Cabo Verde Digital Nomad Visa, is a program designed for digital nomads who wish to live and work remotely in the country of Cabo Verde, an archipelago off the west coast of Africa.

The cost of the Remote Working Cabo Verde program is €45 for the initial application fee and €70 for the issuance of the visa. There may be additional fees for a longer stay or for extending the visa.

The Remote Working Cabo Verde program offers a visa that is valid for up to one year. This visa can be renewed for an additional year upon application and approval.

Key requirements include:

  • Applicants must be at least 18 years old
  • Applicants must have health insurance that covers them in Cabo Verde
  • Applicants must have a passport that is valid for at least six months beyond their intended stay in Cabo Verde
  • Applicants must provide proof of accommodation for the duration of their stay in Cabo Verde
  • Applicants must not have a criminal record.

The Seychelles

1. Cost of visa€45
2. Visa Length1 year
3. Minimum incomeUnknown
4. Personal income taxN/A
5. Internet speedNo Data Available

The Seychelles Workcation program was launched in August 2021, in response to the growing trend of remote work and digital nomads. The Seychelles Workcation program offers an opportunity for remote workers to work from a tropical paradise, while enjoying the country’s stunning natural beauty and unique culture.

The program allows eligible individuals to live and work remotely in the Seychelles for up to one year, with the option to renew for an additional year.

Key features of this program include:

  • The program has a non-refundable application fee of $50 USD.
  • Applicants are required to book and pay for their accommodation for the duration of their stay in the Seychelles, either in a licensed self-catering establishment or a licensed hotel.
  • A fee of $50 USD per person is charged for every entry into the Seychelles.

The key eligibility requirements are:

  • Applicants must be at least 18 years old
  • Applicants must have health insurance that covers COVID-19
  • Applicants must provide proof of employment or self-employment, with a minimum monthly income of $1,500 USD
  • Applicants must have a return or onward ticket, and sufficient funds to support themselves for the duration of their stay in the Seychelles.

Namibia

1. Cost of visa$62
2. Visa Length6 months
3. Minimum income$2,000 – Applicant
$1,000 – Accompanying Spouse
$500 – per accompanying child per month
4. Personal income tax37%
5. Internet speed25.85Mbps

Participants in the Namibia Digital Nomad Visa program have the opportunity to immerse themselves in the day-to-day life of one of Africa’s best holiday destinations and most culturally diverse countries. 

This program, designed for remote workers, costs approximately USD $124 excluding other expenses.

The visa is issued for six months, with applicants needing to prove that they earn enough income to be self-sufficient: To this end, applicants must demonstrate proof of income/funds of $2000 per month, with an additional $1000 for accompanying spouses and USD500 for accompanying children.

Applicants must also possess a valid passport and health or travel insurance for the period of their stay in Namibia. 

What is the digital nomad visa application process?

As can be seen in the application processes outlined above, the visa application steps for digital nomads vary somewhat between different countries. Wherever you want to apply for a visa, it’s always important to thoroughly research the application process and requirements for that specific destination. If you don’t follow the process correctly there’s a risk that your application may be rejected. You can contact the relevant embassy in your country if you have any doubts about the correct way to apply for a visa.

In most cases the first steps are completing a visa application form, getting all of the necessary documentation together, and making an appointment with the relevant local embassy to submit your application. Depending on the documentation you need and the regulations of the country you want to travel to, you might need official translations or certifications for your documents. Some countries will also require you to pay a fee to submit your application.

Where the applicant is an employee, they will usually need to show evidence of their overseas employment, as well as proof that their employer agrees to remote work. Those applying as freelancers, independent contractors, or business owners may need to submit business plans and proof of income related to their business. 

What are the required documents for digital nomad visas?

Much like the application process for a visa, the documentation you need to provide might vary between different countries. Although different countries have their own regulations, there are some common criteria for most destinations. In virtually every case you will need to provide:

  • A passport valid for at least six months at the time of your application
  • Your visa application form
  • Proof of your income
  • Proof of your work circumstances, for example a valid work contract
  • Identity photos against a plain white background
  • Civil documents like your birth certificate
  • Proof of payment of any visa application fees

To ensure that your application goes smoothly and that you get a timely response, it’s important to carefully research what documentation is required and make sure that you have this for your application. Missing documents can cause delays and might mean that your application is rejected. A rejected application can sometimes affect your ability to apply for another visa. Online resources and your local embassy or consulate can be useful for checking what you need to include with your application.

What are the key alternatives to a digital nomad visa?

Whether the country you want to travel to offers a visa for remote workers or not, in some circumstances you may be able to enter the country with a different type of visa or no visa at all. Digital nomad visas are an ideal solution if you want to stay in a country for a longer period. If you’re only interested in a brief stay in the country, a tourist visa may allow you to work remotely for a shorter amount of time. In some countries you might not require a visa for short-term stays. It’s important that you understand the entry requirements of wherever you want to travel and understand what the different visa options are, and their restrictions. This helps you to choose the solution that’s most appropriate for your needs.

Digital nomad visas — our take

Digital nomadism is on the rise and countries around the world are taking note of this. Specific visas for freelancers and remote workers are making it more straightforward for professionals to work remotely whilst they travel. If you’re a remote employee who is interested in the digital nomad lifestyle, applying for a specialised visa might be beneficial for you. It’s always important to thoroughly research the countries you’re interested in working from and find out about their digital nomad visa requirements. Getting this type of visa could increase your travel opportunities whilst also letting you continue with your employment.

For support through the digital nomad application process it is worth considering support from a global mobility firm that specializes in visa processing. 

Digital Nomad Visa FAQ

At present the US does not offer a specific visa for digital nomads. The US offers a range of different visas and there are visa categories that might be suitable for some remote workers. The country also has a visa waiver program that allows foreign nationals, mainly from countries in Europe and Asia, to stay in the country for up to 90 days without a visa. This might also be a suitable option for some digital nomads.

The cost of a visa can vary significantly between different countries. Regardless of where you want to travel, you can expect to pay fees for applying for this type of visa. Showing proof that you have paid the correct fees is often a requirement of the visa application process. Visas for some locations can cost around $200 whilst in others the expense can run to thousands of dollars. Checking the cost of making an application is important before making a decision about where to apply.

However, it's important to note that not all PEOs will be classified as co-employers. In order to make this determination, you'll need to look at the specific arrangement that you have with your PEO.

To qualify for a Digital Nomad Visa, you typically need to demonstrate that you have a stable source of income, such as freelance work or remote employment, sufficient to support yourself during your stay in the host country.

The benefits of a Digital Nomad Visa include the ability to live and work in a foreign country legally, access to local services and infrastructure, and the opportunity to experience new cultures while maintaining your career.

The duration of a Digital Nomad Visa varies depending on the country. It can range from a few months to a year or more. Some countries may also offer the option to extend the visa under certain conditions.

While the specific requirements vary, common documents needed for a Digital Nomad Visa application include a valid passport, proof of income, a detailed itinerary, health insurance coverage, and a clean criminal record.

It depends on the country's regulations. Some countries may allow dependents to accompany the visa holder, while others may require separate visa applications for family members.

Tax obligations while on a Digital Nomad Visa depend on your home country's tax laws and the tax regulations of the host country. It's advisable to consult with a tax professional to fully understand your tax obligations.

In most cases, it is not possible to switch to a different visa category while on a Digital Nomad Visa. If you wish to stay in the host country for a longer period or pursue other activities, you may need to explore alternative visa options.

If your Digital Nomad Visa expires, you may be required to leave the host country. It's essential to adhere to the visa regulations and apply for extensions or other applicable visas if you wish to continue your stay legally.

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