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Doing Business in Italy

The Italian economy is characterized by a diverse industrial landscape, where traditional manufacturing sectors, including the production of high-quality consumer goods, harmoniously coexist with a robust services sector. As the eighth-largest economy globally and the third-largest in the Eurozone, Italy presents a fertile ground for business endeavors, despite facing economic challenges such as high public debt and unemployment rates.

Italy Business Guides

Italy, the Eurozone’s third-largest economy, captivates with its rich history, cultural brilliance, and an enduring entrepreneurial spirit. Its robust GDP thrives on diverse sectors like tourism (think Tuscany vineyards and Colosseum gladiator fights!), high-end fashion and design, and world-class machinery and food production. Its strategic location at the crossroads of Europe, Africa, and the Middle East makes it a natural trade hub, while EU membership facilitates seamless operations across the continent.

Are you an entrepreneur, investor, or business leader drawn to the dynamism of the Eurozone? Then Italy beckons with its endless possibilities for growth and success. This comprehensive resource dives deep into the Italian market, tailored specifically for your needs.

Statistics about the Economy of Italy

Italy boasts a high GDP, with significant contributions coming from sectors such as services, manufacturing, and agriculture. The North of Italy is an economic powerhouse, hosting industries such as machinery, automotive, and fashion. Meanwhile, the South concentrates more on agriculture, including renowned products like citrus fruits, olive oil, and wines. Foreign investments play a vital role in the economy, with policies directed at encouraging more investments in the coming years.

IndicatorLatest Value (2022)
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (Current US$)$2.05 trillion
GDP per capita (Current US)$34,776.40
GDP growth (annual %)3.70%
Unemployment rate (modeled ILO estimate)8.10%
Inflation, consumer prices (annual %)8.20%
Trade in goods and services (% of GDP)81.60%
Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP)0.80%


Source: World Bank Open Data


Why You Should Consider Doing Business in Italy

numerous benefits of doing business in Italy

Doing business in Italy is facilitated by a strategic geographical location, connecting markets from Europe to Northern Africa. Additionally, Italy is home to numerous skilled labor forces and historic craftsmanship, especially in fashion, automotive, and luxury goods sectors. Moreover, the government has introduced business-friendly policies and incentives to encourage entrepreneurial activities and foster a favorable business environment. New businesses can access resources just as well as more well-established medium sized enterprises (or larger). Young people are keen to engage in business activity and general business optimism is high across the country (reflected in the business policies of provincial authorities). Italian culture in general supports an entrepreneurial business culture through all areas of the country, across different cultures.

There are several compelling reasons that companies consider doing business in Italy:

Strategic Geographical Location

Italy’s position in the Mediterranean Sea serves as a bridge between Europe and North Africa, offering access to a wide range of markets. This unique geographical advantage facilitates international trade and logistics, making it ideal for businesses looking to expand their reach across continents.

Skilled Workforce and Historic Craftsmanship

Italy is renowned for its high-quality craftsmanship and skilled labor force – they are essential to Italian business culture. The country has a rich history in industries such as fashion, automotive, and luxury goods. This tradition of excellence in Italian companies provides businesses with access to a pool of talented artisans and workers who are adept at creating world-class products, demand for which has stayed high throughout any global financial crisis.

Innovative Industrial Sectors

Beyond traditional sectors, Italy is also home to robust industries in technology, engineering, and design. The country’s focus on innovation and modernization in various sectors, including renewable energy and high-tech manufacturing, offers diverse business opportunities.

Business-Friendly Policies and Incentives

The Italian government has been proactive in creating government incentives that promote a more business-friendly environment for foreign companies. This includes Italian law, tax incentives, reduced bureaucratic hurdles, and support for startups and foreign investors. These measures are aimed at encouraging entrepreneurial activities and attracting global business ventures in strategic sectors.

Rich Cultural and Historical Heritage

Doing business in Italy also means immersing in a country with a rich cultural and historical heritage akin to other European nations. This aspect can be a significant draw for businesses in the tourism, hospitality, and cultural sectors, offering unique opportunities to leverage Italy’s global cultural appeal and well diversified economy.

Vibrant Domestic Market

Italy’s own domestic market is vibrant and diverse, with a high standard of living and a strong consumer culture. This provides businesses with a substantial potential customer base for a wide range of products and services.

Gateway to the European Union

As a member of the European Union, Italy provides businesses with easy access to the wider European market. This allows companies operating in Italy to benefit from the EU’s single market policies, including free movement of goods and services.

Advanced Infrastructure and Technology

Italy has a well-developed infrastructure, including modern transportation networks and advanced telecommunications systems. This infrastructure supports efficient business operations and connectivity, both within Italy and internationally.

Quality of Life

Italy offers an excellent quality of life, which can be a significant factor for attracting and retaining top talent. The country’s renowned cuisine, art, architecture, and lifestyle add to the appeal of living and working in Italy.

Italy presents a dynamic and diverse business environment, combining its strategic location, skilled workforce, and innovative sectors with a supportive government policy framework. These factors make it an attractive destination for businesses looking to establish a foothold in Europe and beyond.

Business Culture in Italy

Doing business in Italy is often relationship-driven, with a strong emphasis on trust and mutual respect. Hierarchies are respected in Italian corporate culture, and decisions are usually centralized. It is also customary to engage in small talk before delving into business matters during meetings. Understanding and respecting these nuances can significantly benefit business relations in Italy.

The business culture in Italy can be highlighted with five key bullet points:

  • Building strong personal relationships is crucial in Italian business culture. Italians value trust and familiarity, so investing time in getting to know business partners and clients on a personal level is important.
  • Appearance and etiquette are highly valued in Italy. Dressing well and presenting oneself professionally is seen as a sign of respect and competence. Business attire is typically formal and stylish.
  • Italian businesses often have a hierarchical structure. Decisions are usually made by senior management, and there is a clear respect for authority and seniority within the company.
  • Time is treated more flexibly in Italy compared to some other cultures. Meetings may start late or run over the allotted time, and deadlines can be seen as fluid rather than strict.
  • Italians prefer face-to-face communication over emails or phone calls. Physical meetings are seen as essential for effective communication, negotiation, and decision-making.

Networking in Italy

Networking is essential in Italy, where business relationships often hinge on personal connections. Joining local chambers of commerce or industry associations can be a good starting point to build a network. Moreover, attending trade fairs and business events, common in cities like Milan and Rome, can also offer ample networking opportunities.

How to Hire in Italy

When hiring in Italy, businesses have various channels at their disposal, including recruitment agencies, online job portals, and universities’ career services. Understanding the legal frameworks governing employment, including contracts, social security contributions, and workers’ rights, is crucial to compliant operations. Italy has a skilled workforce, especially in design, engineering, and arts, presenting businesses with a talent pool of qualified candidates.

Introduce the Employer of Record and PEO Solution

Utilizing Employer of Record (EOR) and Professional Employer Organization (PEO) solutions can simplify business operations in Italy. These solutions can help manage various administrative responsibilities, including payroll, legal compliance, and employee benefits, allowing businesses to focus on their core activities. Engaging with an EOR or PEO can be an efficient way to navigate the complex Italian labor market and regulatory landscape.

Benefits of Using an EOR or PEO in Italy

An Employer of Record (EOR) or Professional Employer Organization (PEO) provider in Italy can offer a range of services to support businesses, especially those looking to expand into the Italian market without establishing a legal entity. Here’s how an EOR/PEO can assist:

  1. Payroll Management: EOR/PEO providers handle all aspects of payroll for your employees in Italy, including calculations, withholdings, and ensuring compliance with local tax laws and regulations.

  2. Employment Law Compliance: They ensure compliance with Italian employment laws, which can be complex and vary greatly from those in other countries. This includes adherence to labor laws, contracts, working hours, termination processes, and benefits.

  3. Recruitment and Hiring: EOR/PEO services can assist in recruiting and hiring employees. They can manage the entire process, from job postings to screening candidates and finalizing employment contracts, in compliance with Italian employment standards.

  4. HR Services: These providers offer a range of HR services, such as handling employee benefits administration, leave management, and addressing employee relations issues, ensuring they align with Italian norms and legal requirements.

  5. Onboarding and Training: An EOR/PEO can facilitate the onboarding process for new hires in Italy, including orientation and training, ensuring they are well-integrated into the company and understand their role and responsibilities.

  6. Legal and Regulatory Guidance: They provide expertise on local business customs and practices, and legal guidance on various aspects of operating a business in Italy (including on specialist matters like corporate income tax), which is particularly valuable for companies unfamiliar with the local business environment.

  7. Risk Management: EOR/PEO providers help manage risks associated with employment, such as compliance with health and safety regulations and handling of any employment-related legal issues.

By partnering with an EOR/PEO in Italy, foreign companies can effectively manage their workforce while minimizing the legal and administrative burdens associated with international expansion.

How to Get a Work Visa

Obtaining a work visa for Italy involves a multi-step process that includes securing a job offer from a local employer and obtaining a “Nulla Osta” (work permit) before applying for a visa. The employer often initiates the process by submitting an application to the immigration authorities. Once the work permit is approved, individuals can apply for a visa at the Italian embassy/consulate in their home country.

How to Register a Company

Registering a company in Italy involves several stages, including choosing a company name, drafting a deed of incorporation, and registering with the Chamber of Commerce. Businesses must also obtain a VAT number and register for social security and insurance contributions. Engaging with a local advisor can facilitate understanding and adherence to all regulatory compliances, ensuring a smooth registration process.

How to Acquire Real Estate for Business

To acquire real estate for business in Italy, one needs to conduct thorough due diligence, including legal and technical verifications of the property. Engaging a real estate agent and a notary public is a common practice to facilitate the acquisition process. The buying process culminates with the signing of a public deed of sale, which must be registered with the land registry.


Doing business in Italy offers a panorama of opportunities, enriched by a rich history of craftsmanship and a dynamic industrial landscape. While it entails navigating through a labyrinth of regulatory norms and cultural nuances, a well-strategized approach, grounded in a profound understanding of the local business ethos, can steer businesses to success in the Italian market. Leveraging Italy’s strategic location and diverse economy can provide businesses with a robust platform to thrive and expand.

cropped Travis Kliever 1
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Travis is a global business development advisor. He has spent the last 14 years supporting business establishment and development in North America, Southeast Asia, and throughout the world. With multiple degrees from the University of Oregon, Travis currently splits his time between the US, and Bali, Indonesia. At RemotePad, Travis writes about remote work, hiring internationally and PEO/EOR business models.