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Employer of Record (EOR) in Egypt

Navigating Egypt’s complex employment laws can be challenging for foreign businesses. An Employer of Record (EOR) can streamline the process, handling legal compliance, payroll, and HR. Discover how an EOR in Egypt can facilitate your business expansion into this dynamic market.

Key Takeaways

  • An Egypt Employer of Record (EOR) helps international companies to hire employees in Egypt.
  • An Egypt EOR takes over employment compliance, payroll and HR, leaving client companies to focus on what matters. 
  • The best Egypt EORs are Connect Resources, Horizons, Staff Arabia, Target HR, and Kinza HR. 

What is an Egypt Employer of Record?

An Employer of Record (EOR) in Egypt acts as a bridge for foreign businesses to seamlessly hire local talent without having to establish a formal entity in the country. Essentially, the EOR becomes the legal employer in Egypt, managing all aspects related to employment, tax, and local labor laws. The employees, while legally employed by the EOR, work under the direction and control of the foreign company.

How does an Egypt Employer of Record work?

Using an EOR simplifies the complexities of global expansion. They usually provide the following services:

  1. Recruitment Assistance. While you can source and choose the candidates, the EOR can facilitate the recruitment process, leveraging their local expertise.
  2. Employment Contracts. The EOR drafts and manages contracts that align with Egyptian labor laws.
  3. Payroll Management. They handle salary disbursements, ensuring timely payments and adhering to local tax obligations.
  4. Legal Compliance. The EOR is responsible for navigating the intricacies of Egyptian employment laws, ensuring that all practices remain compliant.
  5. Benefits Administration. They provide employees with benefits as required by Egyptian regulations, from health insurance to annual leave.

How to Engage an Egypt Employer of Record

To make the most out of an EOR’s services, follow these steps.

  1. Do Your Homework. Research to find an EOR that understands your industry and aligns with your business values.
  2. Initial Discussions. Engage in detailed discussions to understand their processes, costs, and capabilities.
  3. Formal Agreement. Upon satisfaction, sign an agreement that outlines responsibilities, deliverables, and terms of service.
  4. Onboarding. With the agreement in place, the EOR will help onboard the employees, ensuring a smooth transition.

What Are the Benefits of an Egypt Employer of Record?

Potential advantages of going with an Egypt Employer of Record, rather than hiring through your own subsidiary include: 

  1. Quick Market Entry. Avoid the hurdles of setting up a legal entity and dive straight into operations.
  2. Cost Efficiency. Save on potential setup costs, administrative expenses, and legal complexities.
  3. Local Expertise. Utilize the EOR’s understanding of Egyptian market nuances, culture, and regulations.
  4. Risk Mitigation. By entrusting compliance and HR responsibilities to experts, reduce the risk of non-compliance and associated penalties.

What Are the Disadvantages of an Egypt Employer of Record?

Potential downsides of going with an Egypt Employer of Record include:

  1. Dependency. While operational control remains with the foreign company, there’s a reliance on the EOR for HR and legal functions which could lead to over-reliance.
  2. Fees. Engaging an EOR comes at a cost, potentially increasing operational expenses so that, at a certain scale, setting up a local subsidiary may make more sense. 
  3. Potential Misalignments. There might be occasional disagreements or differences in operational style between the company and the EOR.

Top 5 Egypt Employers of Record

  1. Connect Resources. With an established footprint in the Middle East and North Africa, Connect Resources use their regional expertise to offer a wide range of HR services, including EOR solutions. Read more to find out why Connect Resources is the top Egypt EOR in our 2023 Connect Resources breakdown and analysis
  2. Horizons. Horizons stand apart from their competition in Egypt by hiring through a local entity (where competitors outsource), having deep local expertise and being excellent value for money. Read more in our 2023 Horizons EOR analysis.
  3. Staff Arabia. Staff Arabia provides a wide range of international HR and recruitment solutions, in Egypt and throughout the Middle East. Their solutions include EOR/PEO, payroll outsourcing, office space management, global mobility, staffing and talent acquisition. For international companies seeking full HR and payroll support in Egypt, Staff Arabia is an excellent choice. 
  4. Target Recruitment and HR SolutionsTarget HR is an international recruitment and HR solutions provider with an extensive base of operations in Egypt. Target HR uses advanced automation (for example, the first HR Company in Egypt to use the SAP System), to provide secure payroll and employment compliance in Egypt. With recruitment, HR outsourcing, BPO and consultancy services, alongside its EOR solution, Target HR provides a comprehensive Egypt outsourcing solution.
  5. Kinza HR. Providing holistic HR services across the Middle East, Kinza HR cater to diverse sectors, understanding unique needs.

Egypt Employer of Record — Choose Wisely

Employers of Record have emerged as strategic partners for businesses looking to expand in dynamic markets like Egypt. Their knowledge, expertise, and local presence can act as invaluable assets for foreign businesses. However, as with any business decision, it’s essential to weigh the advantages against the potential challenges. With thorough research, clear communication, and careful selection, businesses can harness the benefits of an EOR to successfully navigate the Egyptian market landscape.


An EOR in Egypt hires employees on behalf of foreign companies, managing all local employment-related responsibilities including payroll, benefits, and compliance with Egyptian labor laws. The employees, while legally employed by the EOR, work under the direction of the foreign company. A staffing agency, on the other hand, primarily focuses on recruiting and providing personnel to businesses but doesn't necessarily take on the employment responsibilities and liabilities that an EOR does.

Yes, it's possible to transition from using an EOR arrangement to establishing your own legal entity in Egypt. This process would involve setting up your own business entity, obtaining necessary permits and licenses, and transferring employees from the EOR to your new company. It's advisable to consult with local legal and business experts to ensure a smooth transition and compliance with Egyptian regulations.