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Average Salary in Canada

As of 2024, the average salary in Canada is $5,265.09 per month, which equates to an annual figure of $63,181.04, reflecting a nationwide year-over-year salary growth.

Average Salary Overview in Canada

Examining salary trends in Canada reveals a dynamic fiscal landscape where the average salary undergoes periodic fluctuations influenced by economic conditions and inflation rates.

Historical Salary Trends

In assessing the progression of average salaries in Canada, Statistics Canada data shows a significant increase from 1998 until 2021, where hourly wages escalated from $24.47 to $30.03. The timeline witnessed two predominant upward trends, one post-2004 and one from 2012 to 2020. The economic downturn of 2008/2009 briefly stalled wage growth, but recovery ensued shortly after.

Current Salary Statistics

By 2021, the recorded average salary in Canada was $56,935 annually. However, a marginal decrease was observed in the first quarter of 2022, with the average salary at $56,416. Translated into weekly earnings, this amounted to $1,084.92 at the start of 2022. Fast forwarding to 2024, comprehensive data regarding annual salaries is imperative to accurately reflect the current economic climate and its implications on the workforce in Canada.

Factors Influencing Salaries

In Canada, various elements crucially determine the remuneration employees receive. These factors range from geographic locations to personal attributes such as education and experience.

Provincial Variations

Salaries in Canada often vary considerably across different provinces and territories. For instance, the average wage in Alberta and Ontario tends to be higher due to the affluence of finance and oil and gas industries. On the other hand, regions like Nova Scotia and New Brunswick generally report lower average earnings. Northern areas, including Yukon, the Northwest Territories, and Nunavut, also exhibit unique salary scales, primarily influenced by the higher cost of living and locational allowances.

Influence of Industries

The industry significantly influences salary scales in Canada. High-paying industries, such as mining, finance, and technology, contrast with lower-paying sectors, such as hospitality and retail. As reported in a Made In CA analysis, earnings may vary depending on the dominant sectors in each province.

Occupational Impact

Salaries correspond to the occupation and role within the respective industry. For example, lawyers in Canada typically command higher salaries than occupations with a surplus of labor. This variability can reflect the demand for specific skill sets within the economy.

Experience and Age Group

There is a direct correlation between experience and compensation: those with years of work experience generally command higher salaries. Salary increases are most pronounced in age groups beyond entry-level positions, backed by workplace seniority and accruing expertise.

Education Levels

Individuals with higher education levels often have access to higher-paid positions. This is reflected in sectors where specialized knowledge or technical skills attained through post-secondary education are required. Workers with advanced degrees typically have a competitive edge in salary negotiations.

Gender Wage Disparities

Despite progressive initiatives, gender wage disparities persist in Canada. On average, women earn less than men across most industries and occupations, which is part of an ongoing societal and economic issue. Statistics Canada’s data shows that efforts are continuing to close this gap, but it is a complex challenge with multiple underlying causes.

Earnings by Employment Type

Earnings in Canada vary significantly depending on whether employees engage in full-time or part-time work and whether their positions are permanent or temporary.

Full-Time vs Part-Time

Full-time employees in Canada typically receive higher average hourly wages than their part-time counterparts. According to Statistics Canada, the median hourly wage for full-time workers has been consistently higher than that of part-time workers over the last five years. Full-time work often includes additional benefits such as health insurance and pension plans, which are not always available to part-time employees.

  • Example of median hourly wage rates (2024):
    • Full-time employees: $X.XX
    • Part-time employees: $X.XX

Note: The exact figures for current median hourly wage rates can be referenced from the provided link to Statistics Canada.

Permanent vs Temporary Positions

Permanent employees tend to enjoy greater job security and higher wages than those in temporary positions. The wage gap can be attributed to each employment type’s varying stability and benefits. Permanent positions are often synonymous with long-term contracts and full-time hours, while temporary jobs might not provide the same earnings or job security level.

  • Example of average weekly wages (2024):
    • Permanent employees: $XXX.XX
    • Temporary employees: $XXX.XX

Note: The Statistics Canada wages by occupation report is a valuable resource for detailed statistics on wages by type of employment.

Regional Salary Information

In Canada, regional economic conditions significantly influence salary scales across different provinces and territories and within major cities. The following breakdown provides insight into how salaries fluctuate based on location.

Salaries Across Provinces and Territories

Salary averages vary widely between provinces and territories in Canada’s vast expanse. British Columbia and Ontario typically compete for the top spot with higher salary averages due to the concentration of industries and head offices, particularly in cities such as Vancouver and Toronto. For example, data indicates that the average salary in British Columbia slightly outpaces the national average.

To the east, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland, and Labrador often show lower average salaries than the national benchmark. However, specific industries in these provinces may offer competitive wages that align more closely with the national average.

Manitoba and Saskatchewan tend to have salaries that closely match the national average. These provinces benefit from a balanced mixture of industries ranging from agriculture to services, which stabilizes their compensation levels.

Comparison of Major Canadian Cities

The variations become even more pronounced when narrowing the focus to major Canadian cities.

  • Toronto: As Canada’s largest city, it boasts high average salaries, reflecting the concentration of finance, technology, and international trade sectors. The average wage often exceeds the national average.
  • Montreal: The largest city in Quebec, Montreal offers competitive wages in industries such as aerospace, technology, and culture. Salaries can vary significantly depending on the sector.
  • Calgary: Known for its energy sector, presents wages that have historically been above the national average, but these have fluctuated with the volatility of oil prices.

It is crucial to understand that each city also comes with its cost of living, which can affect the relative value of the salaries offered. Canadian cities provide diverse economic landscapes, so a wide range of salary expectations can be observed.

Canada’s Wage Policies

In Canada, wage policies are effectively governed by federal and provincial regulations, ensuring workers receive fair labor compensation. Two core elements of these policies are enforcing minimum wage standards and overseeing salary and benefits.

Minimum Wage Standards

Each province and territory in Canada autonomously sets its minimum wage, which is the lowest amount employers can legally pay their workers. The legislation behind these standards aims to provide a living wage that keeps pace with the cost of living and economic conditions. For example, as reported by Statistics Canada, there have been adjustments in the wage rates reflecting the economic trends over the recent years.

Salary and Benefits Regulations

Beyond the minimum wage, employers in Canada must adhere to regulations that cover a broader range of compensation aspects, including salary, overtime pay, and other employee benefits. These regulations ensure that workers are compensated fairly, not just for standard working hours but also for overtime, according to provincially mandated rates. The legislation also includes provisions for mandatory employment benefits such as Employment Insurance (EI) and the Canada Pension Plan (CPP), which support employees in times of job loss and retirement.

Impact of Economic Events

Various economic events have distinctly influenced the average salary in Canada. In particular, the COVID-19 pandemic exerted significant pressure on the labor market, as reflected in Canada’s income statistics and Labor Force Survey findings.

Effects of the Covid-19 Pandemic

The Covid-19 pandemic led to unprecedented disruptions in the Canadian labor market. According to the Labor Force Survey, the pandemic caused a sharp decline in employment and hours worked. Businesses nationwide faced closures and layoffs, leading to an immediate labor force contraction. This loss in employment inevitably affected average salaries during the initial stages of the pandemic.

However, during the latter part of 2021, employment gradually increased as restrictions eased and vaccination rates rose. Predictably, this recovery translated into a moderate increase in the average salary. For instance, in 2021, the average salary in Canada was at $56,935, representing a slight increase of just over 4% from the previous year. Nevertheless, in the first quarter of 2022, this figure saw a small dip to $56,416. This fluctuation underscores the pandemic’s continued impact on wage trends despite overall labor market recovery.

Weekly earnings data further illustrate these trends, with Canadians earning an average of $1,050.59 in 2020 and an increased $1,084.92 in the first quarter of 2022 as the situation stabilizes. This recovery can be tied to efforts to reopen and adapt the Canadian economy to the new normal after the initial waves of the pandemic.

Italicized statistics offer a concrete perspective on the impact the COVID-19 pandemic had, showcasing the resilience and subsequent partial rebound of the Canadian labor market.

Future Salary Projections

Canadian workers are anticipated to see a noticeable salary increase in 2024. This projection aligns with the broader economic strategies and compensational adjustments across various industries.

Expected Trends

An average salary increase of 3.6% is expected for Canadian workers in 2024. This follows a trend where organizations reportedly maintain salary budgets consistent with previous projections. Notably, specific sectors such as information and culture, arts, entertainment, recreation, and construction are preparing to offer hikes potentially above the 4.0% mark, reflecting a more substantial growth in those industries.

The consistency in the salary increase budget, holding steady at 3.6%, suggests that organizations are strategically planning for stability in their compensation frameworks despite potential fluctuations in the economic environment. It indicates a careful balance between employee retention through competitive salary offerings and organizations’ economic pressures.

Government and Institutional Data

Data on average income and salaries in Canada is meticulously collected and maintained by several government entities, ensuring transparency and accessibility for citizens, businesses, and institutions. These data are critical for providing timely statistical information, shaping economic policy, and guiding decision-making processes.

Statistics Canada Reports

Statistics Canada is the primary source of income data, providing comprehensive reports on employee wages across various industries. The agency’s reports allow detailed insights into median hourly and weekly wage rates. As the minister responsible for Statistics Canada ensures high service standards, reports are frequently updated to reflect the latest figures. Adherence to an open license agreement permits the sharing and use of data, improving its utility.

Partnerships and Standards of Service

A commitment to high-quality, timely statistical information is the cornerstone of partnerships between Statistics Canada and other institutions. These partnerships are governed by standards of service protocol that outline the delivery and quality of statistical information. Such standards safeguard the utility of income statistics for governments and ensure that the privacy notice and methods to report a problem are clearly communicated to citizens of Canada and users of the data.

Additional Resources and Information

Several resources provide clarity and support for those seeking detailed information on Canadian income statistics or assistance with understanding salary data. These services can be particularly valuable for residents in Ottawa, where federal employment statistics are often centralized.

Milly is an international lawyer and tech entrepreneur who has advised companies on expanding globally for over 5 years. She is an advocate of remote hiring and regularly consults on future of work matters. Milly founded RemotePad to help employers learn more about building and growing international teams.